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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central & S. Europe to Africa, W. Asia to Indian Subcontinent.
Heliotropium supinum

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb with prostrate stems up to 0.5 m long, often forming mats, densely silvery pubescent and also with longer spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or obovate, 0.8–3.5 x 0.6–2 cm, cuneate at the base, rounded to acuminate at the apex, with the nerves deeply impressed above; petiole 0.2–2 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers sessile in simple or branched 2–9 cm long cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pilose, 2–2.5 mm long, with short lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or yellowish white; tube 2–2.5 mm long, pilose outside; lobes c. 0.5 mm long, pubescent outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style up to c. 0.5 mm long; stigmatic head conical-oblong, c. 0.5 mm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 1–4, enclosed in the enlarged calyx with the persistent corolla at the apex, flattened-ovoid, 3–4 mm long, smooth to rugose.
Distribution
N1; S1, 3 widespread in Africa, also in S Europe and eastwards to India.
Ecology
Altitude range 50–1410 m.
Note
Somali material has fruits with 1(–2) nutlets.

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Decumbent or procumbent annual 4–50 cm. long or tall or forming mats up to 30 cm. in diameter; stems densely silvery pubescent and spreading pilose and similar dual indumentum on most organs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades grey-green, elliptic, ovate, obovate or ovate- lanceolate, 0.8–3.5 cm. long, 0.6–1.5 cm. wide, rounded to acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, plicate, the nerves deeply impressed above, densely white adpressed pubescent above with tubercle-based hairs and longer setae, with more tangled soft white pubescence beneath and longer hairs which are often brownish; petiole 0.2–2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile in bilateral scorpioid cymes 2–9 cm. long; peduncles 0–3 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2–2.5 mm. long, divided into linear densely spreading white-pilose subacute or ± obtuse lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, 2.5 mm. long; tube cylindric, ± 3 mm. long, pilose outside, glabrous inside; limb very small, with 5 ovate spreading rounded imbricate lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma elongate- conic, hairy at the apex and about equalling the glabrous style, together ± 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits of 1–4 nutlets or 1 only by abortion, remaining in the accrescent calyx with the corolla still attached at the apex; in Europe the nutlets are almost invariably reduced to 1, compressed ovoid, (3–)3.5–4 mm. long, 2.8–3.2 mm. wide, 1.5 mm. thick, plano-convex or biconvex, acute at the apex, the outer face smooth to verrucose, distinctly margined with obtuse compressed edge; in the tropics there are usually 2–4 (mainly 4) nutlets cohering but ultimately or sometimes readily separating, often rather narrower than are the single nutlets, similarly smooth to verrucose; eventually the nutlets are often smooth or ± corky.
Figures
Fig. 19/7, p. 71.
Habitat
Essentially on dried up riverine soil; lake-shores, dried river beds, very often on alluvial or black clay soils even when hard like concrete, mud under Acacia seyal and in Cordia, Capparidaceae, Salvadora, Pluchea associations, dried up ponds etc. and sometimes remaining as a weed during cultivation;375–1500 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T8 U1

[FWTA]

Boraginaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Hairy much-branched herb, decumbent from a woody base.

[FZ]

Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate or decumbent annual herb usually with 4 main stems rising in a cross; stems up to 35 cm. long, herbaceous, laterally compressed, ± densely clothed with retrorse appressed hairs, mixed with longer spreading ones.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate however subopposite to the base; petiole 3–15 mm. long (up to 27 mm. on the basal leaves); lamina 10–35 x 7–19 mm., broadly ovate to broadly obovate, rarely trullate or circular, densely appressed-pubescent or strigose above, pubescent or tomentose and bristly on the nerves below, obtuse to truncate at apex, acute to obtuse and often very asymmetrical at base, the nerves usually deepened above, prominent below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes short, often 1, rarely 2–3 on each terminal peduncle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile or subsessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2.0–2.8 mm. long, enlarged up to 4.5(6) mm. in fruit, bristly outside, appressed hairy inside; lobes cohering up to near apex, obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla as long as or but little longer than the calyx, persisting over the fruit; tube greenish, densely clothed with retrorse appressed hairs outside, glabrous inside; limb white, divided into 5 minute oblong subequal lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers c. 1 mm. long, linear, subsessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style c. 0.5 mm. long with short retrorse hairs, sometimes subglabrous; sterile appendix c. 0.5 mm. long, conical, shortly hairy at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits up to 4 mm. long, ovoid, plano-convex or excavated by abortion of 2–3 nutlets, glabrous, enclosed in the calyx; nutlets often 2, rarely 1, very rarely 3 or 4 with the outer and the inner surfaces granulate-tuberculate, brown with a lighter well developed edge; rarely the fruits wholly covered with a greyish corky layer concealing the ornamentation.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Pennsylvania

Heliotropium supinum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bidgood, S. [6277], Tanzania K000468148
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7014] Heliotropium malabaricum K001126565
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7014], India Heliotropium malabaricum K001126564
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7014], India Heliotropium malabaricum K001126566
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7014] Heliotropium malabaricum K001126567

First published in Sp. Pl.: 130 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Ali, S.I. & Nasir, Y.J. (1989). Flora of West Pakistan 191: 1-200.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1991). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 7: 1-439. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 1-825. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Riedl, H. (1967). Flora Iranica 48: 1-281. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Tamanyan, K.G. (2011). Checklist of Boraginaceae Juss. family in Armenia Takhtajania 1: 60-69.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
  • Verloove, F. (2017). New xenophytes from the Canary islands (Gran Canaria and Tenerife; Spain) Acta Botanica Croatica 76: 120-131.
  • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1961). Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Yera Posa, J. & Ascaso Martorell, J. (2009). De plantis vascularibus praesertim Ibericis (V) Flora Montiberica 43: 10-18.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 201.
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 37
  • Sp. Pl. 130 (1763)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1991). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 7: 1-439. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 1-825. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Tamanyan, K.G. (2011). Checklist of Boraginaceae Juss. family in Armenia Takhtajania 1: 60-69.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
  • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1961). Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Yera Posa, J. & Ascaso Martorell, J. (2009). De plantis vascularibus praesertim Ibericis (V) Flora Montiberica 43: 10-18.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. & Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 37 (1905).
  • Bonnier, Fl. Compl. Fr., Suisse et Belg. 8:19, t. 429/2012 (1926).
  • C.B.Cl. in Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 149 (1883).
  • DC. & A.DC. in DC., Prodr. 9: 533 (1845).
  • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 351 (1892).
  • Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 896 (1923).
  • Heine in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 322 (1963).
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 717 (1898).
  • Kabuye & Agnew in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 520 (1974).
  • Kazmi in Journ. Arn. Arb. 51: 179 (1970).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 130 (1753).
  • Martins in Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 93, t. 26/11 (1990).
  • Meikle, Fl. Cyprus: 1123 (1985).
  • Riedl in Fl. Iran. 48/15: 52 (1967).
  • Riedl in Fl. Turkey 6: 255, fig. 11/12 (1978).
  • Sibthorp & Smith, Fl. Graec. 2, t. 157 (1813).
  • Täckh., Students’ Fl. Egypt, ed. 2: 442, t. 153/A (1974).
  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 42: 710 (1987).
  • Wright in Fl. Cap. 4(2): 8 (1904).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/