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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe, Medit. to W. Asia.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs or small shrubs, with branched and/or simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves toothed, petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid or racemoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles sometimes long and spinose (sect. acanthoprasium)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx mostly campanulate, often widely so, 5-10(-20)-lobed, lobes equal or variously unequal, mostly ± spiny
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped (1-2/3), purple to white, upper long hooded or almost flat, entire, 2-fid or dentate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens not or only shortly exserted from corolla, thecae ± distinct
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma lobes subequal or slightly unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets rounded or subtruncate at apex, glabrous or with sessile glands at apex.
Note
2n = 18, 20, 22, 28.  About 30 species
Distribution
Europe, North Africa; West and Central Asia, with one species, B. africana (L.) Benth., in South Africa and Namibia, and B. nigra L. introduced to other temperate parts of the world (Australia, New Zealand and Southern South America)

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Kirgizstan, New Zealand North

Ballota L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Peck, E.F. [9], Somalia 2729.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 582 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Acanthoprasium Spenn. in T.F.L.Nees von Esenbeck, Gen. Fl. Germ. 2: (1843).
  • Ballota L., Sp. Pl. 2: 582 (1753)
  • Beringeria Neck., Elem. Bot. 1: 312 (1790), opus utique oppr.
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Patzak, Ann. Nat. Hist. Mus. Wien 62: 57-86 (1958)
  • Patzak, Ann. Nat. Hist. Mus. Wien 63: 33-81 (1959).
  • Pseudodictamnus Fabr., Enum.: 56 (1759).
  • Zapateria Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 1: 17 (1887).

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0