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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Small trees, shrubs, shrublets or perennial herbs dotted everywhere with black oil-glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in 1-several-flowered sympodial inflorescences.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx of 3 usually foliaceous and persistent bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cupuliform, truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 3–5-locular; style clavate (with coherent stigmas) rarely slightly divided at the tip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule loculicidally dehiscent; loculi several (rarely 2)-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds usually with floss (or lint) and often also with fuzz (a shorter denser indumentum), sometimes nearly glabrous.
Cytology
Chromosome number: n=13 or 26.

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or subshrubs, erect or decumbent to prostrate, or small to medium-sized trees, usually ± punctate throughout
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually entire (serrate in one species), shallowly lobulate to deeply palmately 3–7-lobed, palmately or pedately 3–7-veined; foliar nectaries 1–5, abaxially on principal veins; stipules filiform, persistent or caducous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers borne singly or clustered on axillary pedicel or several on lateral inflorescences; pedicel usually surmounted by trimerous nectaries
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx of 3 bracts, usually persistent in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx truncate, 5-toothed, or deeply 5-lobed, often prominently punctate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals often large and showy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal column antheriferous throughout length or only in upper half
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style clavate, stigmatic surfaces 3–5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3–5-locular, often prominently punctate, dehiscent and opening slightly or flaring widely
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–several per locule, usually free but sometimes ± coherent into a single unit for each locule; usually comose, sometimes minutely puberulent or glabrous, turbinate; seed hairs white to various shades of brown, copious, 1–3 cm long, usually crimped but patent in two species
Morphology General
Chromosome numbers: 2 n = 26, 52.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, usually conspicuously gland-dotted
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire to deeply lobed; stipules filiform to ovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in axillary 1–few-flowered cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx of 3 subulate to broadly ovate-cordate entire to dentate or laciniate bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx truncate to 5-lobed, usually with irregularly scattered black glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 3–5-celled, each cell with 1–many ovules; style club-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal capsule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds glabrous, with brownish hairs (fuzz), and/or with a white cottony floss (lint).
Distribution
Some 50 species in the tropics and subtropics.

[FSOM]
Use
Some species are widely cultivated for their lint, which is the raw material for cotton, and for their seed oils.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Angola, Arizona, Aruba, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, India, Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Mali, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Queensland, Samoa, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tuamotu, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Vietnam, Wake I., Western Australia, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Albania, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Ascension, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., Cuba, Egypt, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Illinois, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Maldives, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique Channel I, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Mexico, New York, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Romania, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, South Carolina, Spain, St.Helena, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uzbekistan, Virginia, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Zaïre

Gossypium L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Maas, P.J.M. [363], Brazil K001220099
s.coll. [10] K001220106
Dorr, L.J. [7651], Venezuela K001220100
s.coll. [22] K001220107
s.coll. [s.n.] K001220105
s.coll. [s.n.] K001220101
s.coll. [1] K001220104
s.coll. [41] K001220103
s.coll. [41] K001220109
s.coll. [18] K001220108
s.coll. [24] K001220102

First published in Sp. Pl.: 693 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • J. B. Hutchinson, Silow & Stephens, The Evolution of Gossypium (1947)
  • Roberty in Candollea 13: 9–165 (1950). (See Appendix, p. 122.)
  • Roberty in Candollea 9: 19–103 (1942)
  • Watt in Kew Bull. 1926: 193–210
  • Watt in Kew Bull. 1927: 321–356
  • Wouters in Publ. I.N.É.A.C., Sér. Sci. 34 (1948)
  • see also Watt, Wild & Cultivated Cotton Pl. (1907)
  • —F.T.A. 1: 210

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 309 (1754).
  • J. B. Hutch. in Hutch., Silow & Stephens, Evol. Gossyp.: 14 (1947).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 693 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Fryxell in Rheedea 2(2): 108–165 (1992)
  • Fryxell, The natural history of the cotton tribe (1980)
  • Vollesen in Kew Bull. 42: 337–349 (1987).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K.B. 42: 337–349 (1987)
  • L, Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 309 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 693 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0