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This species is accepted, and its native range is Old World to Australia.
Verbena officinalis

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial herb or subshrub, up to 1.5 m tall; young stems scabrid
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to lanceolate in outline, 2–8(–11) x 0.8–8.5 cm, pinnately lobed or divided, appressed scabrid pubescent, acute to ± obtuse at the apex, cuneate at the base and tapering into an indistinct winged 0.5–2 cm long petiole; upper leaves narrower and less lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers numerous in 2–30 cm long spikes; bracts lanceolate- to ovate-acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2–3 mm long, pubescent; lobes c. 0.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla lilac-purple, pink or mauve, often with yellow throat; tube 2.5–4 mm long; lobes subequal, 0.75–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets oblong, 1.5–2 x 0.6–0.8 mm, reticulate outside.

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial, rarely annual, laxly branched herb 0.3–1.6 m. tall; stems ± woody at base, 4-angled, sulcate, sparsely scabridulous or ± glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves more or less ovate in outline, 2–7(–11) cm. long, 0.8–8.5 cm. wide, pinnatisect or pinnatifid with broad acute bluntly serrate lobes, adpressed hispidulous above, scabridulous beneath, acute or ± obtuse at the apex, cuneate at the base into an indistinct winged petiole 1–2 cm. long; upper stem-leaves often lanceolate or oblanceolate in oudine, less lobed and more bluntly serrate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers minute in numerous elongate spikes 5–30 cm. long, dense above, lax below; rhachis and narrowly ovate-acuminate bracts glandular-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± 2–2.5 mm. long, glandular-pubescent outside; teeth triangular, ± 0.4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale lilac-purple, pink or mauve, often with yellow throat, glabrous; tube ± 3 mm. long; limb subequally 5-lobed; lobes ± oblong, 0.75–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted at 2 levels near or above the middle of the tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 0.5–1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, oblong, 1.5–2 mm. long, 0.6–0.8 mm. wide, longitudinally rugulose-reticulate outside, whitish scabridulous-papillose inside.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1300 - 1400 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Greece, Hainan, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, New South Wales, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Sicilia, Somalia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Arizona, Azores, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Chile Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Great Britain, Guatemala, Haiti, Indiana, Ireland, Kentucky, Louisiana, Madeira, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Mississippi, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niger, Niue, North Carolina, Oman, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Verbena officinalis L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2011 Phuong, V.X. et al. [HNK 289], Vietnam K000249861
Jan 1, 2011 Day, C.D. [646], Turkey K000341577
May 7, 1980 Krauss [151], South Africa K000379388
Gillies [s.n.], Argentina K000193649
Gillies, J. [s.n.], Mendoza K000193650
Lindley [s.n.], Oaxaca K000470570
Mueller, F. [s.n.], USA K000759916 syntype
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1825], India K001114314
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000470503
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1825], India K001114316
Hartweg [175], Mexico K000470569 holotype
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1825] K001114315
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1825], Myanmar K001114311
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000470502 isotype
Cope, T.A. [RBG 237], United Kingdom K000914326
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1825], Nepal K001114313
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1825], India K001114312
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134631

First published in Sp. Pl.: 20 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 12: 1-650. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Nesom, G.L. (2010). A new species of Verbena (Verbenaceae) from Northeastern Mexico and an overview of the Verbena officinalis group Phytoneuron 2010-13: 1-13.
  • Patzelt, A. & al. (2020). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXIV. Sixty new records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 77: 413-437.
  • Van Heurck, H. & De Beucker, J.I. (1861). Antwerpsche Analytische Flora 1: 1-192. Drukkerij der weduwe Jos. Van Ishoven, Antwerpen.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora Zambesiaca

  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 6 (1992).
  • Fl. Europaea 3 : 123 (1972).
  • Fl. Iraq 4 : 651 (1980)
  • Fl. Turkey 7 : 33, t. 117/8–10 (1982).
  • Meikle, Fl. Cyprus: 1251 (1985).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2020). https://bsbi.org/archaeophytes epublication.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Nesom, G.L. (2010). A new species of Verbena (Verbenaceae) from Northeastern Mexico and an overview of the Verbena officinalis group Phytoneuron 2010-13: 1-13.
  • O'Leary, N., Múlgura, M.E. & Morrone, O. (2010). Revisión taxonómica de las especies del género Verbena (Verbenaceae). II: serie Verbena Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 97: 365-424.
  • Patzelt, A. & al. (2020). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXIV. Sixty new records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 77: 413-437.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Webb, C.J., Sykes, W.R & Garnock-Jones, P.J. (1988). Flora of New Zealand 4: 1-1365. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Zervous, S., Raus, T. & Yannitsaros, A. (2009). Additons to the flora of the island of Kalimnos (SE Aegean, Greece) Willdenowia 39: 165-177.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 286 (1900).
  • Franco in Fl. Europaea 3: 123 (1972).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 20 (1753).
  • Meikle, Fl. Cyprus: 1251 (1985).
  • Ross-Craig, Drawings Brit. Pl. 23, t. 38 (1966).
  • Townsend in Fl. Iraq 4: 651 (1980)
  • Townsend in Fl. Turkey 7: 33, t. 117/8–10 (1982).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/