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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Europe to W. & Central Medit.
Himantoglossum hircinum

[O-EM]
Distribution

South, South-central & West Europe, northwards to central England and the Netherlands.

General Description

Stem 20-90 cm, stout, glabrous, with indistinct purplish blotches. Lower leaves 4-6, 5-15 x 3-5 cm, elliptic- oblong obtuse, the upper smaller, acute, amplexicaul. Spike 10-30(-50 cm, cylindrical, rather lax. Flowers large, with a strong odour. Perianth-segments 7-10 mm, subequal, pale green, with purplish spots and streaks, the outer ovate, obtuse, the inner linear. Labellum 30-50 mm, whitish, with purple spots and papillose towards base, darker green and smooth distally; lateral lobes linear, acute, curled, often purplish; middle lobe c. 2 mm wide, lorate, somewhat undulate; spur obtuse, slightly curved downwards.

Habitat

Grassland, scrub and open woods; usually calcicole.

Native to:

Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Morocco, Netherlands, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia

Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Italy 20418.000
Venning, F.E.W., United Kingdom 26891.000
Grey-Wilson, C., France 29047.161
Verdcourt, B. [4525A], France 30088.000
Barneby, T.P. [1], France 31626.000
Verdcourt, B. [4566], France 31803.000
Wood, J.J. [550], France 39524.000
Joseph, J. [245], Spain 48451.000
Halstead, France 5831.000
Summerhayes, V.S. [1594], United Kingdom 5832.000
Raffill, C.P., France 5835.000
Barneby, T., France 7218.000
Chase, M.W.C. [14051], United Kingdom 71044.000
Jacquin, N.N.J.von [s.n.], Austria K000364027
Smith, A.R. [120], France K000970108
Lang, A.F. [s.n.] Aceras hircinum K000364030
Satyrium hircinum K000364031
Montbiliare [s.n.] Orchis hircina K000395682

First published in Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 3: 694 (1826)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Orchideae: e-monocot.org
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