1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus mopane Cope

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Loosely caespitose annual; culms up to 40 cm tall, erect, unbranched; leaf sheaths chartaceous, thinly pilose with tubercle-based hairs, lightly compressed but with a conspicuous keel; leaf laminas 1.5–5 cm × 2–4.5 mm, flat, thinly pilose with tubercle-based hairs, strongly tuberculate-pectinate on the margins, acute at the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 4.5–10 cm long, lanceolate; branches in a succession of whorls, smooth, eglandular, the spikelets loosely disposed along the primary branches on pedicels 1–2 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.8–3.3 mm long, tinged with purple; inferior glume 1/4–1/3 the length of the spikelet, narrowly ovate, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; superior glume as long as the spikelet, narrowly ovate-elliptic, 1-nerved, glabrous, acute at the apex; lemma as long as the spikelet or almost so, narrowly ovate-elliptic; anthers 3, c. 1.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain obovate, c. 1.5 mm long, strongly laterally compressed.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose; clumped loosely. Culms erect; 20-40 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths keeled; pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 1.5-5 cm long; 2-4.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins tuberculate-ciliate. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 4.5-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes. Panicle branches eglandular; smooth. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-2 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2.8-3.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2.8-3.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume ovate; 0.25-0.33 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic, or ovate; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; red; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.8-3.3 mm long; membranous; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; obovoid; flattened; 1.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FZ 1997.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Zimbabwe

    Sporobolus mopane Cope appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 53: 168 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0