1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cathariostachys S.Dransf.
      1. Cathariostachys capitata (Kunth) S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated; pachymorph. Culms erect; inclined at the tip; 700-1200 cm long; 40-50 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 50-60 cm long; distally hispid (black hairs). Lateral branches dendroid. Bud complement 1. Branch complement several to many; apparently arising below the node; with 1 branch dominant. Culm-sheaths persistent. Leaves 7-21 per branch. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; 11-12 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate; 1-3 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long; membranous. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 4-22 cm long; 11-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous; hairless except near base. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; globose; 1.5-3 cm long; with glumaceous subtending bracts; bracts 2.5-4 mm long; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; without prophylls.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 13-19 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 13-19 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 4 empty glumes; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 3-4 mm long; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate. Upper glume elliptic; 5-7 mm long; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume hairs dark brown, or black. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to fertile lemma. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 7-11 mm long; 13-15 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy above. Lemma hairs dark brown, or black. Lemma apex attenuate. Palea tightly convolute around flower; 14-16 mm long; 8 -veined. Palea surface pilose; hairy above. Palea apex dentate. Rhachilla extension 2 mm long; pubescent.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; stipitate; 7 mm long. Embryo with basal plumule. Endosperm farinose.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1998.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Cathariostachys capitata (Kunth) S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [875], Madagascar K000383872
    Oct 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [875], Madagascar K000383873
    Oct 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [875], Madagascar K000383874
    Aug 1, 1996 Perrier de la Bâthie, J.M.H.A. [12881], Madagascar K000244560 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1996 Perrier de la Bâthie, J.M.H.A. [12881], Madagascar K000244561
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1063], Madagascar K000383539
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1063], Madagascar K000383540
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1063], Madagascar K000383541
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1064], Madagascar K000383860
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1064], Madagascar K000383863
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1064], Madagascar K000383864
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1064], Madagascar K000383865
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1064], Madagascar K000383866
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1064], Madagascar K000383867
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [1286], Madagascar K000383868
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [883], Madagascar K000383869
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [883], Madagascar K000383870
    Aug 1, 1996 Dransfield, S. [883], Madagascar K000383871
    Dransfield, J. [6392], Madagascar K000383542
    Dransfield, J. [6392], Madagascar K000383546
    Dransfield, J. [6392], Madagascar K000383547
    Dransfield, J. [6392], Madagascar K000383548
    Dransfield, J. [JD 6392], Madagascar K000795345
    Dransfield, S. [1334], Madagascar K000383861
    Dransfield, S. [1334], Madagascar K000383862
    Dransfield, S. [883], Madagascar K000795257
    Dransfield, S. [SD1334], Madagascar K000795344
    Dransfield, S. [SD1064], Madagascar K000795347
    Dransfield, S. [883], Madagascar 66262.000
    Dransfield, S. [875], Madagascar 66967.000
    Dransfield, S. [SD1064], Madagascar 67010.000
    Lam, H.J. [5799], Madagascar K000383858
    Lam, H.J. [5799], Madagascar K000383859
    Baron [5668], Madagascar K000383855
    Baron [5375], Madagascar K000383856

    First published in Kew Bull. 53: 391 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0