1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Taraxacum F.H.Wigg.
      1. Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Sweden. It is used as animal food, a vegetable and a medicine.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Distribution
    Naturalised in Colombia.
    Ecology
    Alt. 1100 - 4300 m.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Habit
    Herb.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 1100 - 4300 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]
    Animal Food
    Eaten by animals (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Vegetables
    Leaves - Used in salads (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
    Circulatory System Disorders
    Used in liquid medicines for cardiovascular complaints (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
    Digestive System Disorders
    Used in liquid medicines as a laxative (Lagos-López 2007). Used in liquid medicines for detoxification purposes (Cadena-González 2010).
    Genitourinary System Disorders
    Used in liquid medicines for kidney complaints (Cadena-González 2010). Used in liquid medicines as a diuretic (Díaz et al. 2003, Lagos-López 2007).
    Infections & Infestations
    Used in liquid medicines (Cadena-González 2010).
    Muscular-Skeletal System Disorders
    Used in liquid medicines (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
    Respiratory System Disorders
    Used in liquid medicines to enhance lungs function (Cadena-González 2010).
    Skin or Subcutaneous Cellular Tissue Disorders
    Used as an astringent (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Common Names

    English
    Dandelion
    Spanish
    Diente de león, chicoria, lechuguilla.

    Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Day, C.D. [170], Turkey Taraxacum dens-leonis K000341628
    Day, C.D. [77], Turkey Taraxacum dens-leonis K000341627

    First published in Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 56 (1780)

    Accepted by

    • Krasnoborov, I.M. & Armemov, I.A. (2012). Opredelitel' Rastenii Respublika Altai: 1-640. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN.
    • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Diaz Merchán, J. A. (2017). Caracterización del mercado colombiano de plantas medicinales y aromáticas. Informe técnico. Instituto Alexander von Humboldt- Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial, Bogotá, Colombia.
    • GRIN National Genetic Resources Program http://www.ars-grin.gov in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    • Cadena-González, A.L. (2010). Study of knowledge on medicinal plants in Zetaquira and Campo Hermoso municipalities (Departamento de Boyacá, Colombia) using quantitative approaches. Faculty of Life Sciences. University of Copenhagen.
    • Florez-Cárdenas, G., Núñez-Izquierdo, O. L., Núñez-Izquierdo, M. M., Ramírez-Mesa, M., & Zusunaga-Quintana, J. A. (2010). 100 Plantas útiles del páramo del Rabanal: Guía para comunidades rurales. Bogotá: Instituto Alexander von Humboldt - CAR - Corpoboyac
    • Lagos-López, M. (2007). Estudio etnobotánico de especies vegetales con propiedades medicinales en seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia. Actualidades Biológicas, 29(86), 87-96.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/