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This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Sweden. It is used as animal food, a vegetable and a medicine.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 1100 - 4300 m.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 1100 - 4300 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

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[UPB]
Use Animal Food
Eaten by animals (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Food Vegetables
Leaves - Used in salads (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Circulatory System Disorders
Used in liquid medicines for cardiovascular complaints (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Digestive System Disorders
Used in liquid medicines as a laxative (Lagos-López 2007). Used in liquid medicines for detoxification purposes (Cadena-González 2010).
Use Medicines Genitourinary System Disorders
Used in liquid medicines for kidney complaints (Cadena-González 2010). Used in liquid medicines as a diuretic (Díaz et al. 2003, Lagos-López 2007).
Use Medicines Infections & Infestations
Used in liquid medicines (Cadena-González 2010).
Use Medicines Muscular-Skeletal System Disorders
Used in liquid medicines (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Respiratory System Disorders
Used in liquid medicines to enhance lungs function (Cadena-González 2010).
Use Medicines Skin or Subcutaneous Cellular Tissue Disorders
Used as an astringent (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Sweden

English
Dandelion
Spanish
Diente de león, chicoria, lechuguilla.

Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Day, C.D. [170], Turkey Taraxacum dens-leonis K000341628
Day, C.D. [77], Turkey Taraxacum dens-leonis K000341627

First published in Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 56 (1780)

Accepted by

  • Krasnoborov, I.M. & Armemov, I.A. (2012). Opredelitel' Rastenii Respublika Altai: 1-640. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN.
  • Typification of Leontodon taraxacum L. (= Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg.) and the generic name Taraxacum: A review and a new typification proposal (2011). Kirschner, J. & Štepánek, J. Taxon 60.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.

Literature

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Diaz Merchán, J. A. (2017). Caracterización del mercado colombiano de plantas medicinales y aromáticas. Informe técnico. Instituto Alexander von Humboldt- Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial, Bogotá, Colombia.
  • GRIN National Genetic Resources Program http://www.ars-grin.gov in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Cadena-González, A.L. (2010). Study of knowledge on medicinal plants in Zetaquira and Campo Hermoso municipalities (Departamento de Boyacá, Colombia) using quantitative approaches. Faculty of Life Sciences. University of Copenhagen.
  • Florez-Cárdenas, G., Núñez-Izquierdo, O. L., Núñez-Izquierdo, M. M., Ramírez-Mesa, M., & Zusunaga-Quintana, J. A. (2010). 100 Plantas útiles del páramo del Rabanal: Guía para comunidades rurales. Bogotá: Instituto Alexander von Humboldt - CAR - Corpoboyac
  • Lagos-López, M. (2007). Estudio etnobotánico de especies vegetales con propiedades medicinales en seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia. Actualidades Biológicas, 29(86), 87-96.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/