1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Pithecellobium Mart.
      1. Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Guyana and Peru. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Bois Noir de l'Inde, Cassie de Manille, Cassie Manie, Cassie Manille, Espino Playero, Guichigui, Huamuchil, Jangli Jalebi, Jina Extranjera, Kihy Vazaha, Kilimbezana, Kilivazaha, Kodaikaapulli, Madras Thorn, Manila Tamarind, Manilla Tamarind, Michiguiste,
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2130 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Arbolito, árbol
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Conservation
    Least concern.
    Distribution
    Native and cultivated in Colombia.
    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 2130 m.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub or tree 4–15 m. high, armed with spinescent stipules up to 12 mm. long.
    Bark
    Bark smooth.
    Branches
    Young branchlets puberulous to pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves:petiole 0.3–2.8(–5) cm. long, glandular at apex at the junction of the single pair of pinnae; leaflets 1 pair, ± asymmetrically elliptic to obovate-elliptic, mostly 0.7–5 cm. long, 0.3–2.3 cm. wide, glabrous or inconspicuously hairy, rounded or emarginate to subacute at apex.
    Flowers
    Flowers creamy or yellow, in small heads 0.8–1 cm. wide on short peduncles arranged racemosely or paniculately in ± leafless inflorescences.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1–1.5 mm. long, puberulous.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3–4.5 mm. long, puberulous.
    Filaments
    Free part of stamen-filaments about 6.5–7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pods spirally twisted.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, glossy, 9–10 mm. long, 7–8 mm. wide, covered with a white to reddish fleshy edible aril.
    Habitat
    Naturalized on fringe of woodland with Cussonia zimmermannii, Acacia spp. and Tamarindus indica; about 150 m. Perhaps derived from an agricultural research station that formerly existed at Mazeras
    Distribution
    K7 native of tropical America, but widely cultivated in other parts of the tropics and naturalized in many places
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Wood
    [UPB]
    Materials
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Suriname

    Native to:

    Belize, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Hainan, Haiti, India, Iraq, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Carioto, madre de flecha, huamuchil, guamuchil, opiuma, camaliche, payandé, espino gallinero, chiminango, azabache, gallinero, dinde.

    Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2007 Manríquez, G.I. [5262], Mexico K000654880
    Dec 1, 2006 López, L. [244], Mexico K000563447
    Dec 1, 2006 García, F. [787], Mexico K000563436
    Dec 1, 2006 González Medrano, F. [4091], Mexico K000563446
    Dec 1, 2006 Salas M., S.H. [3482], Mexico K000563449
    Dec 1, 2006 Elorsa C., M. [4420], Mexico K000563451
    Dec 1, 2006 Matínez C., G. [1859], Mexico K000563443
    Dec 1, 2006 Germán, M.T. [428], Mexico K000563445
    Dec 1, 2006 Seigler, D.S. [11534], Mexico K000563442
    Mar 30, 2006 Peredo, L.C. [LCP52], Mexico K000563439
    Jan 1, 2006 Hughes, C.E. [890], Mexico K000563438
    Jan 1, 2006 Sousa, M. [4034], Mexico K000563435
    Jan 1, 2006 Reyes de los Santos, E. [065], Mexico K000563437
    Jan 1, 2006 Kú, Feliciano [546], Mexico K000563444
    Jan 1, 2006 Villegas [81], Mexico K000563448
    Jan 1, 2006 Torres, F.G. [149], Mexico K000563450
    Jan 1, 1989 Neill, D. [5333], Mexico K000563401
    Jan 1, 1989 Neill, D. [5333], Mexico K000563402
    Jan 1, 1989 Croat, T.B. [65715], Mexico K000563393
    Jan 1, 1984 Sousa, M. [10150], Mexico K000563452
    Apr 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [1133], Piauí K000091594
    Apr 1, 1983 Carvalho, A.M. [1009], Bahia K000091595
    Hinton, G.B. [453], Mexico K000118083
    Hinton, G.B. [3931], Mexico K000118084
    Hinton, G.B. [3931], Mexico K000118085
    Hinton, G.B. [3002], Mexico K000118086
    Hinton, G.B. [3192], Mexico K000118087
    Hinton, G.B. [5966], Mexico K000118088
    Hinton, G.B. [5524], Mexico K000118089
    Hinton, G.B. [7591], Mexico K000118090
    Hinton, G.B. [5812], Mexico K000118091
    Hinton, G.B. [5430], Mexico K000118092
    Purpus, C.A. [242], Mexico K000563403
    Rico, L. [842], Mexico K000563418
    Parkinson [s.n.], Mexico K000563404
    Hughes, C.E. [890], Mexico K000563420
    Hughes, C.E. [1771], Mexico K000563425
    MACQUEEN, D.J. [181], Mexico K000563434
    MACQUEEN, D.J. [269], Mexico K000563415
    MACQUEEN, D.J. [279], Mexico K000563433
    Hinds [s.n.], Honduras K000563429
    Matuda, E. [17206], Mexico K000563410
    Pringle, C.G. [6049], Mexico K000563457
    Beechy [s.n.], Mexico K000563432
    Johnston, I.M. [3903], Mexico K000563460
    Wallich, N. [5282], India K000759652
    Langlassé, E. [2], Mexico K000563456
    Langlassé, E. [2], Mexico K000563462
    Bilimek [137], Mexico K000563430
    Anthony, A.W. [354], Mexico K000563421
    Seemann, B.C. [2194], Mexico K000563419
    Lamb, F.H. [326], Mexico K000563459
    Torres C., R. [38], Mexico K000563414
    Lott, E.J. [3091], Mexico K000563417
    Téllez V., O. [160], Mexico K000563405
    Téllez V., O. [252], Mexico K000563406
    Sousa, M. [4343], Mexico K000563411
    Sousa, M. [11294], Mexico K000563412
    Sousa, M. [11658], Mexico K000563413
    Castillo, O. [O.C.600], Mexico K000563441
    Pennington, T.D. [9604], Mexico K000563398
    Pennington, T.D. [9460], Mexico K000563407
    Gonzalez Ortega, J. [135], Mexico K000563396
    Gonzalez Ortega, J. [135], Mexico K000563416
    Berlandier, J.L. [2146], Mexico K000563431
    Galeotti, H. [3140], Oaxaca K000082421 isotype
    Palmer, E. [102], Jalisco K000478310
    Palmer, E. [966], Mexico K000563455
    Palmer, E. [50], Mexico K000563453
    Palmer, E. [190], Mexico K000563454
    Palmer, E. [381], Mexico K000563461
    Mexia, Y. [8921], Mexico K000563409
    Mexia, Y. [8954], Mexico K000563422
    Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000759653
    Wight [564], India K000759651
    Simá, P. [1972], Mexico K000563400
    Soto Núñez, J.C. [2765], Mexico K000563423
    Soto Núñez, J.C. [36], Mexico K000563426
    Carter, Annetta [2641], Mexico K000563463
    Rivera H., J. [2220], Mexico K000563394
    Núñez, A. [517], Mexico K000563427
    Velázquez, E. [577], Mexico K000563458
    Martínez R., C. [313], Mexico K000563395
    Martínez R., C. [971], Mexico K000563397
    Martínez R., C. [921], Mexico K000563399
    Matínez C, G. [1859], Mexico K000563408
    Rivas, G. [64], Mexico K000563428
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5282], Myanmar Inga dulcis K001120382
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5282] Inga dulcis K001120375
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5282] Inga dulcis K001120376
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5282], India Inga dulcis K001120377
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5282], India Inga dulcis K001120378
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5282] Inga dulcis K001120379
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5282] Inga dulcis K001120380
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5282] Inga dulcis K001120381
    Hinton, G.B. [5865], Mexico Pithecellobium bertolonii K000118081

    First published in London J. Bot. 3: 199 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
    • Garcillán, P.P. & al. (2013). Plantas no nativas naturalizadas de la península de Baja California, México Botanical Sciences 91: 461-475.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Singh, A. (2012). Exotic flora of the Chandauli district Uttar Pradesh, India: an overview Indian Journal of Forestry 35: 79-84.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Niembro Rocas, A., Vázquez Torres, M. & Sáchez Sáchez, O. (2010). Árboles de Veracruz 100 especies para la reforstación estratégica: 1-253. Gombierno del Estado de Veracruz, México.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Leroy, J.-F. & Mackee, H.S. (eds.) (1983). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 12: 1-139. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
    • Singh, A. (2012). Exotic flora of the Chandauli district Uttar Pradesh, India: an overview Indian Journal of Forestry 35: 79-84.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Niembro Rocas, A., Vázquez Torres, M. & Sáchez Sáchez, O. (2010). Árboles de Veracruz 100 especies para la reforstación estratégica: 1-253. Gombierno del Estado de Veracruz, México.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
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