1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca actae Connor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand (Banks Peninsula).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 25-60 cm long; 2-3 -noded. Culm-internodes smooth; distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths 5-10 cm long; ribbed; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles erect; 0.4-0.7 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.4-0.7 mm long. Collar dark; pubescent. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; filiform; involute; angular in section, or elliptic in section; 20-60 cm long; 0.4-0.7 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade venation comprising 5 vascular bundles; with 7-11 subepidermal sclerenchyma strands. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 10-30 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; 5-25 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; 2 -nate; 4-5 cm long; bearing 2-6 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle axis 7-9 noded; smooth, or scaberulous. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-7(-12) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; 6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1-1.5 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.2-0.5 mm long; pilose; disarticulating transversely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-7(-12) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; 6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1-1.5 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.2-0.5 mm long; pilose; disarticulating transversely.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-4.5 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4.5-7.5 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3(-5) -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-9 mm long; membranous; glaucous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; acute; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 0.1-2.5 mm long overall. Palea 6-8 mm long; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous; adorned all along. Palea surface puberulous; hairy on back and on margins; hairy above. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 0.75-1.5 mm long; membranous; ciliate; entire, or 2-toothed. Anthers 3; 3.5-4.4 mm long; yellow. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 3-4.75 mm long; hairy at apex. Embryo 0.25-0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 0.6 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Poeae. Connor 1997.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Zealand South

    Festuca actae Connor appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in New Zealand J. Bot. 36: 335 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0