1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca deflexa Connor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand (NW. Nelson).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths yellow, or red, or purple. Basal innovations extravaginal. Culms erect; of moderate stature, or slender; 15-65 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths 3-12 cm long; keeled; smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles erect; 0.4-0.7 mm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.4-0.7 mm long; erose. Leaf-blades filiform; involute; angular in section; 15-25 cm long; 0.4-0.7 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade venation comprising 5 vascular bundles; with 7 subepidermal sclerenchyma strands. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; rough abaxially; puberulous; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 7-25 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; 7-16 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading, or reflexed; distant; 1-2 -nate; 5-8 cm long; bearing 4-8 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle axis 4-10 noded; scabrous. Panicle branches scabrous; with prominent pulvini. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 4-6 mm long; scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8-14 mm long; 3-4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1-1.5 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.2-0.75 mm long; pilose; disarticulating transversely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8-14 mm long; 3-4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1-1.5 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.2-0.75 mm long; pilose; disarticulating transversely.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-4.5 mm long; 0.7-0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner on margins; light green, or purple; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblong; 3.5-6.5 mm long; 0.7-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; with hyaline margins; light green, or purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins distinct, or prominent. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6.75 mm long; membranous; purple; without keel; rounded except near apex; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins distinct. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex acute; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0.2-1.75 mm long overall. Palea 5.5-7.5 mm long; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Palea surface puberulous; hairy on back; hairy above. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 0.7-1.1 mm long; membranous; ciliate; entire, or 2-toothed. Anthers 3; 3-4 mm long; yellow, or purple. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 3-3.5 mm long; hairy at apex. Embryo 0.25 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 0.66 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Poeae. Connor 1997.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Zealand South

    Festuca deflexa Connor appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in New Zealand J. Bot. 36: 341 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0