1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca luciarum Connor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand North Island.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons present. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Basal innovations extravaginal. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 4-15 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths 2-5 cm long; wider than blade at the collar; ribbed; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles erect; 0.3-0.4 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3-0.4 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; involute; angular in section; 3-12 cm long; 0.6-1 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade venation comprising 5-7 vascular bundles; with 7-9 subepidermal sclerenchyma strands. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 5-20 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; 3-7 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending, or spreading; 1 -nate; 2-5 cm long; bearing 1-4 fertile spikelets on each lower branch; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle axis 4-7 noded; smooth. Panicle branches scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8-12 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.75-1.5 mm long; scaberulous; glabrous, or pubescent. Floret callus 0.2-0.3 mm long; pilose.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8-12 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.75-1.5 mm long; scaberulous; glabrous, or pubescent. Floret callus 0.2-0.3 mm long; pilose.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 2.6-4 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume hairs 0.2-0.5 mm long. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume oblong; 3-6 mm long; 0.6-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Upper glume surface pilose; hairy at apex. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume hairs 0.2-0.5 mm long. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile florets with the lowest dissimilar. Lowest fertile lemma hairy (at tip); muticous. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; membranous; glaucous and purple; suffused with last colour; without keel; rounded except near apex; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; glabrous, or puberulous. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0-1 mm long overall. Palea 5.5-6.5 mm long; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous; adorned above; with 0.33 of their length adorned. Palea surface puberulous; hairy on back and on margins; hairy above. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 1-1.4 mm long; membranous; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2-2.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous, or pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 3 mm long; glabrous, or hairy at apex. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 0.66 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Poeae. Connor 1997.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Zealand North

    Festuca luciarum Connor appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in New Zealand J. Bot. 36: 343 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0