1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cyrtochloa S.Dransf.
      1. Cyrtochloa toppingii (Gamble) S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines (Luzon).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect, or scandent; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaf-sheaths striately veined. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded, or cordate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 1-2 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 12-30 cm long; 15-30 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade venation with 12 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins unthickened, or cartilaginous; scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; 1-1.5 cm long; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; subacute; 5-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; subacute; 5-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 2-3 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 2 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea tightly convolute around flower; 4-5 mm long; chartaceous; 5 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; ciliate. Anthers 6; 4 mm long; anther tip with extended connective and pubescent. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; orbicular; 6 mm long; light brown.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gamble 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines

    Cyrtochloa toppingii (Gamble) S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1997 Topping, D.L. [5222], Philippines K000290683 isotype
    Jun 1, 1997 Topping, D.L. [5222], Philippines K000290682 isotype
    Jun 1, 1997 Topping, D.L. [5222], Philippines K000290684 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 53: 862 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0