1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cyrtochloa S.Dransf.
      1. Cyrtochloa fenixii (Gamble) S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines (Luzon).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect, or scandent; drooping at the tip; 700-1000 cm long; 25-30 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 30-50 cm long; mid-green, or dark green; smooth; distally pruinose. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; with 1 branch dominant. Culm-sheaths persistent; 15 cm long; coriaceous; pilose; with tawny hairs; auriculate; with 9-20 mm wide auricles; ciliate on shoulders; shoulders with curved hairs; shoulders with 10-15 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 7-13 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade ovate; erect, or reflexed; 9-16 cm long; 23-56 mm wide; glabrous on surface; attenuate. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; 5-10 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate; 3 mm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.5 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 25-30 cm long; 35-45 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in oblong clusters; 1 cm long; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters; 150 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 3.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface hispidulous; hairy above. Upper glume apex acuminate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea tightly convolute around flower; 5.5-6 mm long; chartaceous; 6 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1.5-2 mm long; ciliate. Anthers 6; 4-4.5 mm long; anther tip with extended connective and pubescent. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; oblong; 7 mm long. Embryo with basal plumule. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1999.
    Diagnostic
    Hyaline scale 5mm long inside palea.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines

    Cyrtochloa fenixii (Gamble) S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1997 Fenix, E. [s.n.], Philippines K000290694 isotype
    Jun 1, 1997 Fenix, E. [s.n.], Philippines K000290693 isotype
    Jun 1, 1997 Fenix, E. [s.n.], Philippines K000290692 isotype
    Jun 1, 1997 Fenix, E. [s.n.], Philippines K000290695 isotype
    Dransfield, S. [SD1308], Philippines K000795358

    First published in Kew Bull. 53: 864 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0