1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cyrtochloa S.Dransf.
      1. Cyrtochloa puser S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines (Luzon).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect, or scandent; zigzag; drooping at the tip; 700-1000 cm long; 25-30 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 30-40 cm long; mid-green, or dark green; smooth; distally pruinose. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several to many; with 1 branch dominant. Culm-sheaths persistent; 8-15 cm long; coriaceous; glabrous; truncate at apex; auriculate; with 2-5 mm high auricles; with 10-30 mm wide auricles; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 2 mm high; entire. Culm-sheath blade ovate; cordate; 8-13 cm long; 15-50 mm wide; pubescent (above); attenuate. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; curly; 4-7 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate; 1-3 mm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.3 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 6-23 cm long; 22-36 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in oblong clusters; 1-1.5 cm long; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 3 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 5-6 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent; hairy above. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 6-7 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea tightly convolute around flower; 6 mm long; chartaceous; 4 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1 mm long; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip with extended connective and pubescent. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; obovoid; 7 mm long; rugose. Embryo with basal plumule. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1999.
    Diagnostic
    Hyaline scale 5mm long inside palea.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines

    Cyrtochloa puser S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1997 McVey, W.E. [s.n.], Philippines K000290685 holotype
    Jun 1, 1997 McVey, W.E. [s.n.], Philippines K000290686 isotype
    Jun 1, 1997 McVey, W.E. [s.n.], Philippines K000290687 isotype
    McVey, W.E. [s.n.], Philippines K000912029

    First published in Kew Bull. 53: 867 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0