1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cyrtochloa S.Dransf.
      1. Cyrtochloa hirsuta S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines (Luzon).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect, or scandent; drooping at the tip; 600-700 cm long; 40-70 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 40-60 cm long; yellow, or light green. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; with 1 branch dominant. Culm-sheaths persistent; 13 cm long; coriaceous; pubescent; with appressed hairs; with yellow hairs; auriculate; with 5 mm high auricles; with 15 mm wide auricles; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade triangular; cordate; erect; 9-10 cm long; pubescent (above); attenuate. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; deciduous; 5 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate; 2 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; entire, or erose. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.5 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 25-32 cm long; 20-50 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in oblong clusters; 1-1.5 cm long; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts (in cluster), or spathaceous subtending bracts (around cluster); with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches; 30-60 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 4-8 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 7-8 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 8-9 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1-3 mm long overall. Palea tightly convolute around flower; 8 mm long; chartaceous; 5 -veined; without keels. Palea surface pubescent; hairy above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1 mm long; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip with extended connective and pubescent. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; 10 mm long; rugose. Embryo with basal plumule. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1999.
    Diagnostic
    Hyaline scale 5mm long inside palea.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines

    Cyrtochloa hirsuta S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 53: 869 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0