1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa acutiflora (Munro) S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Taiwan to Philippines.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; zigzag; 20-50 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 40-50 cm long; smooth; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several. Culm-sheaths deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle; 10-12 cm long; 2 times as long as wide; green; smooth; pubescent; hairy at the base; with tawny hairs; truncate at apex; setose on shoulders; shoulders with curved hairs; shoulders with 8-10 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 1 mm high; entire. Culm-sheath blade ovate; narrower than sheath; erect; 10-12 cm long; 45-80 mm wide; pubescent (at base). Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent; hairs tawny; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; deciduous. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-25 cm long; 15-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins spinulose.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; glabrous on internodes, or pubescent on internodes; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; with 1-keeled prophylls; leafless between clusters; 6-10 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; acute; 7-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; acute; 7-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes comprising 1 gemmiferous bracts; 2 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1.5 mm long; 7 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 3-4 mm long; 9-11 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5 mm long; 2 mm wide; coriaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 5 mm long; coriaceous; 4 -veined; 2-keeled.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 0.5-1 mm long; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Stigmas 3. Styles 5 mm long. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; oblong; 8-10 mm long; rugose. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines, Taiwan

    Dinochloa acutiflora (Munro) S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 1997 Cuming, H. [544], Philippines K000291000 holotype
    Jul 1, 1997 Cuming, H. [544], Philippines K000291001 isotype
    Dransfield, S. [SD1296], Philippines K000795475

    First published in Kew Bull. 53: 877 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0