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This species is accepted, and its native range is China (SE. Yunnan) to N. Vietnam.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[C-EM]
Diagnostic

Affinis C. lichiangense P.J. Cribb et S.C. Chen et C. margaritaceo Franch. sed flore albescenti vel eburneo maculatis marroninis ornato, sepalis angustioribus extra pilosis et sparse ciliatis, petalis acuminatis ad apicem parallelis distantibus quam labellurn superantibus, labello minore et ovario g labra satis distinguendo.

Distribution

China: southeastern Yunnan only.

General Description

A terrestrial herb with a stout creeping rhizome bearing numerous long roots, 1.5-2 mm in diameter. Stems erect, short, 3-7 cm long covered by two tubular sheaths bifoliate at the apex. Leaves glossy, appressed to substrate, ovate obovate or subcircular, up to 16 cm long, 14 cm wide, dark green, heavily spotted with black, sometimes with a purplish margin. Inflorescence one-flowered, ebracteate. Flower large, the sepals liver-coloured, the petals and lip off-white or creamy-white, regularly spotted with elliptic maroon marks, the staminode liver-coloured; pedicel 3.5-4 cm long glabrous; ovary triangular, curved, c.1.6 cm long, glabrous. Dorsal sepal erect, flat, elliptic-ovate, acute 6 cm long, 2.5-3 cm wide, sparsely glabrous; synsepal lanceolate, acute, up to 5 cm long, 1 cm wide, ciliate. Petals concave, porrect, incurved, enfolding the lip but parallel and usually not connivent at apex, obliquely oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, up to 6.2 cm long 1.9 cm wide, sparsely ciliate and pubescent on upper side of outer surface. Lip porrect, circular from above but dorsiventrally flattened 3 cm long, 2.5 cm broad minutely papillose in front. Column 1.2 cm long; staminode trullate, slightly upcurved and rounded at apex, 1 cm long, papillose towards apex.

Habitat

In scrub and open woods on steep rocky limestone boulders just below ridges 2150 - 2190 m.

[C-EM]
Distribution

SE Yunnan (Malipo).

General Description

Plants 6-9 cm tall, with a stout rhizome. Stem short, covered by 2 sheaths, apex with 2 subopposite leaves prostrate on substrate. Leaf blade yellowish, spotted with maroon, very similar in color to petals and lip, broadly ovate to suborbicular, 12-14 × 12-14 cm, apex acute. Inflorescence terminal, 1-flowered, ebracteate; pedicel 2-3 cm, glabrous; ovary 1-2 cm, glabrous. Flower 4-5 cm in diam.; dorsal sepal and synsepal liver-colored; petals and lip yellowish, spotted with maroon; staminode liver-colored, with a yellow longitudinal stripe centrally and a narrow yellow margin. Dorsal sepal broadly ovate, 3-3.5 × 2.5-2.8 cm, both surfaces glabrous, minutely ciliate, apex acute; synsepal elliptic-ovate, slightly shorter and much narrower than dorsal sepal. Petals curved forward, enfolding lip, suboblong, ca. 4 × 1.5 cm, adaxially slightly pubescent, minutely ciliate, apex acute; lip pouched, strongly dorsiventrally flattened, ca. 2.5 × 2.5 cm, ± papillose on front surface. Staminode ovate-trullate, 12-13 mm, adaxially minutely papillate.

Habitat

Grassy and humus-rich places in forests or thickets; 2200-2300 m.

[C-EM]
Distribution

SE Yunnan (Pingbian)

General Description

Plants 10-15 cm tall, with a stout rhizome. Stem 5-8 cm, glabrous, covered by a sheath, apex with a subopposite leaf and bract prostrate on substrate. Leaf blade grayish green or green heavily spotted with purple-brown, suborbicular or broadly elliptic, 15-17 × 11-14 cm. Inflorescence terminal, 1-flowered, ebracteate; pedicel 5-7 cm, glabrous; ovary 2-2.5 cm, glabrous. Flower rather large; dorsal sepal yellowish green, very sparsely spotted with maroon; synsepal yellowish, tinged with grayish green, sparsely spotted with maroon; petals yellowish, densely spotted with maroon; lip yellowish spotted with maroon especially around mouth; staminode yellowish heavily spotted with maroon. Dorsal sepal ovate or broadly ovate, 4-5 × 3-4 cm, both surfaces glabrous, ciliate; synsepal lanceolate, 4-5 × 1.5-1.8 cm. Petals curved forward, enfolding lip, elliptic-oblong, 4.2-4.7 × 2.4-2.8(-3.4) cm, abaxially pubescent on upper side, ciliate along apical margin; lip pouched, slightly dorsiventrally flattened, 3.8-4.5 × 3-3.5 cm, ± papillate on front surface. Staminode tongue-shaped, 17-20 × ca. 5 mm, adaxially puberulent.

Habitat

Wet but well-drained and humus-rich soils in thickets; ca. 2300 m.

Native to:

China South-Central, Vietnam

Cypripedium lentiginosum P.J.Cribb & S.C.Chen appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 10, 1999 Li in Luo [s.n.], Yunnan K000364555 isotype

First published in Bull. Alpine Gard. Soc. Gr. Brit. 67: 155 (1999)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org

  • Cribb, P.J. & Chen, S.-C. A new species of Cypripedium from south-east Yunnan. Quarterly Bulletin of the Alpine Garden SocietyQuarterly Bulletin of the Alpine Garden Society 67, 155-158 (1999).
  • Cribb, P.J. & Chen, S.C. Original description of Cypripedium lentiginosum. 67, (1999).

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0