1. Family: Cactaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Opuntia Mill.
      1. Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico.

    [FTEA]

    Cactaceae, R. Hunt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Shrubby or arborescent, up to 4 m. tall, with cylindrical jointed trunks up to 20 cm. thick and branches of flattened elliptic or narrowly elliptic joints 15–40(–50) cm. long and 5–12 cm. broad, green.
    Spines
    Glochids brown, deciduous; spines usually none, rarely one or more short spines developed on older joints.
    Leaves
    Leaves subulate, 3 mm. long, soon deciduous.
    Flowers
    Flowers ± 1.5 cm. in diameter, 5–6 cm. long from base of ovary to tips of stigmas; perianth erect, red; stamens and style exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit red, ±5 cm. long.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland; 520 m.
    Distribution
    probably native of Jamaica and tropical Americawidely cultivated T3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Onochie, C.F.A. [31546], Nigeria 30711.000
    Hambler, D.J. [781], Nigeria 26332.012
    Hunt, D. 50703.000
    Nopalea cochenillifera K000100952
    Nopalea cochenillifera K000100954
    India Nopalea cochenillifera K000100495
    Morton [0], Ghana Nopalea cochenillifera K000100506
    Greenway [6602], Tanzania Nopalea cochenillifera K000100518
    Deighton [2223], Sierra Leone Nopalea cochenillifera K000009036
    Hatschbach [65310], Paraná Nopalea cochenillifera K000100157
    Miers [3883], Rio de Janeiro Nopalea cochenillifera K000100953
    Merrill [139], Philippines Nopalea cochenillifera K000275290
    Thomson, G. [117], India Nopalea cochenillifera K000100496
    Phipps [2267], Zimbabwe Nopalea cochenillifera K000100533
    Leonard [2935], Haiti Nopalea cochenillifera K000100679
    Wickens [1421], Sudan Nopalea cochenillifera K000100513
    Conzatti [0], Mexico Nopalea cochenillifera K000062520
    Rose [0], Mexico Nopalea cochenillifera K000062521
    Howard [18333] Nopalea cochenillifera K000100681
    Jansen-Jacobs et al [5009], Guyana Nopalea cochenillifera K000100174
    Kellermann [7108], Guatemala Nopalea cochenillifera K000062519
    Sintensis [4001], Puerto Rico Nopalea cochenillifera K000100680
    von Roemer [26], Indonesia Nopalea cochenillifera K000275291
    Hambler [781], Nigeria Nopalea cochenillifera K000100507
    Grandvaux Barbosa [8648] Nopalea cochenillifera K000100532

    First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 6 (1768)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.

    Not accepted by

    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438. [Cited as Nopalea cochenillifera.]
    • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai. [Cited as Nopalea cochenillifera.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Carbonó-Delahoz, E., Barros-Barraza, A. & Jiménez-Vergara, J. (2013). Cactaceae de Santa Marta, Magdalena, Colombia Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 37: 177-187.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Berhaut, J. (1974). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 2: 1-695. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8 (1768), as “ O. cochine-lifera”. Based on plants figured by Dillenius, Plukenet and Sloane.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/