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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis menhoferi Govaerts

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia (La Paz).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 26-50 cm long. Culm-internodes antrorsely scabrous; distally glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-sheaths scaberulous. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1.2-3.4 mm long; truncate, or obtuse. Leaf-blades straight; filiform; convolute; 17-33 cm long; 1-3 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough on both sides; glabrous, or puberulous; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; shorter than basal leaves. Panicle contracted; linear; 8-14 cm long; 0.5-1 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 2-6 cm long. Panicle axis smooth, or scaberulous. Panicle branches hispidulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.8-2.5 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4.4-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 0.6-0.8 mm long; 0.25 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4.4-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 0.6-0.8 mm long; 0.25 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 4.4-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; mid-green, or purple; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.4-5 mm long; membranous; mid-green, or purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3.6-4.6 mm long; membranous; mid-green, or purple; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; rough generally, or above. Lemma apex dentate; 4 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.25 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 4-5 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet; with twisted column. Palea 2.8-3.6 mm long. Rhachilla extension 2.8-3.6 mm long; pilose; with 1-1.4 mm long hairs.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; linear; 1.6-2.2 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a floret.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Villav 1996.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Calamagrostis menhoferi Govaerts appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in World Checkl. Seed Pl. 3(1): 11 (1999)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0