1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dysphania R.Br.
      1. Dysphania pumilio (R.Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Australia.

    [FTEA]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

    Habit
    Annual herb, prostrate or ascending, with numerous usually slender simple to much branched stems 2–45 cm. long radiating from rootstock, green rarely red-tinged, pubescent and glandular, aromatic.
    Leaves
    Leaves elliptic to lanceolate in outline, small, mostly 0.3–2.7 cm. long and 0.2–1.3 cm. wide, with 2–4 (–5) usually coarse sometimes obscure teeth or lobes on each margin, rarely (on depauperate plants) entire or almost so, glands between veins on lower side of leaves sessile to subsessile, not or only sometimes accompanied by glandular hairs except on veins.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, minute, about 0.4–0.75 mm. in diameter, sessile or subsessile in small rounded axillary clusters at most of the nodes.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–5, sessile-glandular especially below, and more or less pubescent above, not at all keeled, but in fruit becoming rounded-convex on back outside and often whitish or pallid.
    Stamens
    Stamen 1.
    Fruits
    Pericarp easily scraped off seed.
    Seeds
    Seeds (Fig. 2/9, p. 3) all “vertical” (laterally compressed), deep red-brown, shining, 0.5–0.75 mm. in diameter, bluntly or sharply keeled; testa under microscope almost smooth.
    Habitat
    A weed of cultivated areas and by railways, in some places very common; most probably introduced with agricultural seeds; 1650–2530 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 native of Australia, also in New Zealand and New Caledoniafrequently introduced with wool into other parts of the world, e.g. the United States and Europe, including Britain

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Tasmania, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Belgium, Brazil South, Bulgaria, California, Cape Provinces, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, District of Columbia, Florida, France, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Illinois, Iran, Italy, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Masachusettes, Missouri, Namibia, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Portugal, Primorye, Rhode I., Rwanda, Sicilia, South Carolina, Spain, Sudan, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, Zaïre

    Dysphania pumilio (R.Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2018 Henty, E.E. [16668], Papua New Guinea K000342372
    Feb 8, 1969 Brown, R. [3033], Australia Chenopodium pumilio K000898442 isotype
    Feb 8, 1969 s.coll. [1], Australia Chenopodium pumilio K000898443
    Feb 8, 1969 s.coll. [1], Australia Chenopodium pumilio K000898444

    First published in Ukrayins'k. Bot. Zhurn. 59: 382 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Sukhorukov, A.P. & al. (2018). Chorological and taxonomic notes on African Plants, 3 Acta Botanica Gallica: Botany Letters 165: 228-240.
    • Funez, L.A. & al. (2017). Fifty-five new records of vascular plants, and other discoveries for the flora of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 72: 221-275.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F. & Kit Tan (eds.) (2013). New floristic records in the Balkans: 23 Phytologia Balcanica 19: 373-399.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sukhorukov, A.P. & al. (2018). Chorological and taxonomic notes on African Plants, 3 Acta Botanica Gallica: Botany Letters 165: 228-240.
    • Funez, L.A. & al. (2017). Fifty-five new records of vascular plants, and other discoveries for the flora of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 72: 221-275.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F. & Kit Tan (2012). New floristic records in the Balkans: 20 Phytologia Balcanica 18: 333-373.
    • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V., Stevanovic, V. & Kit Tan (2011). New floristic records in the Balkans: 15 Phytologia Balcanica 17: 129-156.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1988). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 3: 1-419. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0