1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Philenoptera Hochst. ex A.Rich.
      1. Philenoptera violacea (Klotzsch) Schrire

        This species is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by J.M. Lock*

    Habit
    Deciduous tree up to 18 m tall; crown rounded; bark greyish, shallow-fissured, flaking off in scales. Deciduous tree up to 18 m tall; crown rounded; bark greyish, shallow-fissured, flaking off in scales.
    Indumentum
    Young parts pale grey-subsericeous; branchlets slightly striate or terete, bark grey to brownish, thinly puberulous, glabrescent. Young parts pale grey-subsericeous; branchlets slightly striate or terete, bark grey to brownish, thinly puberulous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 28 cm long, imparipinnate; petiole 3.5–9 cm long; rachis 3–10 cm long, puberulous-glabrescent; petiolules 2–6 mm long; leaflets 3–5, the terminal much larger than the laterals; lamina (3)4–13(16.5) × 3–6(9) cm, ovate to elliptic or narrowly elliptic or oblong-obovate, rounded to obtuse or subacuminate-acute at the apex, rounded to broadly obtuse or cuneate at the base, leathery or subcoriaceous, light green on upper surface, paler and thinly tomentellous-glabrescent beneath; lateral nerves in 4–7 pairs, this and the reticulation slightly prominent beneath; stipules 3–6 mm long, falling early; stipels filiform, 1.5–4 mm long, often falling early. Leaves up to 28 cm long, imparipinnate; petiole 3.5–9 cm long; rachis 3–10 cm long, puberulous-glabrescent; petiolules 2–6 mm long; leaflets 3–5, the terminal much larger than the laterals; lamina (3)4–13(16.5) × 3–6(9) cm, ovate to elliptic or narrowly elliptic or oblong-obovate, rounded to obtuse or subacuminate-acute at the apex, rounded to broadly obtuse or cuneate at the base, leathery or subcoriaceous, light green on upper surface, paler and thinly tomentellous-glabrescent beneath; lateral nerves in 4–7 pairs, this and the reticulation slightly prominent beneath; stipules 3–6 mm long, falling early; stipels filiform, 1.5–4 mm long, often falling early.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal panicle 10–25 cm long, thinly pubescent-glabrescent; bracts c.1.5 mm long; bracteoles smaller, caducous. Inflorescence a terminal panicle 10–25 cm long, thinly pubescent-glabrescent; bracts c.1.5 mm long; bracteoles smaller, caducous.
    Stamens
    Stamen sheath 6–9 mm long. Stamen sheath 6–9 mm long.
    Ovary
    Ovary 3–5-ovulate, silky-pubescent; stipe c.1.5 mm long; style glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pod 1–3-seeded, 8–18 × 1.8–3.5 cm, leathery, thinly velutinous, glabrescent, somewhat reticulate or smooth over the seeds, attenuate-acute at the apex, cuneate to narrowed at the base; stipe 1–4 mm long; wing along upper margin 1–3 mm broad. Pod 1–3-seeded, 8–18 × 1.8–3.5 cm, leathery, thinly velutinous, glabrescent, somewhat reticulate or smooth over the seeds, attenuate-acute at the apex, cuneate to narrowed at the base; stipe 1–4 mm long; wing along upper margin 1–3 mm broad.
    Seeds
    Seed 12–15 × 6–8 × 2.5–3 mm, reniform; testa reddish-brown, smooth. Seed 12–15 × 6–8 × 2.5–3 mm, reniform; testa reddish-brown, smooth.
    Distribution
    Also in Tanzania, Congo (Katanga), SE Angola, NE Namibia, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces) and Swaziland.
    Ecology
    In riverine vegetation and floodplain grassland, in mixed Acacia woodland and wooded grasslands, and in plateau miombo woodland, on alluvium and Kalahari sands, often on termite mounds; 30–1400 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: A very widespread taxon. Lower Risk, Least Concern.
    Flowers
    Flowers 9–11 mm long; pedicels 2–5 mm long. Flowers 9–11 mm long; pedicels 2–5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm long, somewhat asymmetric at the base, thinly pubescent, the upper tooth-pair obtuse to shallowly lobed, the lateral teeth triangular, c.2 mm long, obtuse or rounded, the lower one narrowly triangular, acute, 2–4 mm long. Calyx 4–5 mm long, somewhat asymmetric at the base, thinly pubescent, the upper tooth-pair obtuse to shallowly lobed, the lateral teeth triangular, c.2 mm long, obtuse or rounded, the lower one narrowly triangular, acute, 2–4 mm long.
    Corolla
    Standard 10.5–12.5 mm long, broadly obovate, with nectariferous calluses towards the base, narrowly decurrent into the 2–2.5 mm long claw; wings oblong-obovate, 10–12 × 2.5–4 mm, auricle obtuse, claw 2.5–3.5 mm long; keel petals 9–11 × 3.5–6 mm, with subacute auricle, claw 2-3.5 mm long. Standard 10.5–12.5 mm long, broadly obovate, with nectariferous calluses towards the base, narrowly decurrent into the 2–2.5 mm long claw; wings oblong-obovate, 10–12 × 2.5–4 mm, auricle obtuse, claw 2.5–3.5 mm long; keel petals 9–11 × 3.5–6 mm, with subacute auricle, claw 2-3.5 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3–5-ovulate, silky-pubescent; stipe c.1.5 mm long; style glabrous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Apple-leaf tree, Lance tree, Rain tree

    Philenoptera violacea (Klotzsch) Schrire appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2002 Erens, J. [235], Botswana K000511237
    Jan 1, 2002 Erens, J. [270], Botswana K000511238
    Jan 1, 2002 Erens, J. [314], Botswana K000511239
    Jan 1, 2002 Erens, J. [314], Botswana K000511240
    Jan 1, 2002 Long, D.G. [232], Botswana K000511230
    Jan 1, 2002 Son, G. van [28891], Botswana K000511234
    Jan 1, 2002 Son, G. van [28891], Botswana K000511235
    Jan 1, 2002 Atherstone, D. [20], Botswana K000511236
    Jan 1, 2002 Biegel, H. [3872], Botswana K000511232
    Jan 1, 2002 Smith, P.A. [1805], Botswana K000511231
    Jan 1, 2002 Terry, J. [162], Botswana K000511229
    Jan 1, 2002 Jeppe, K. [s.n.], Botswana K000511233

    First published in Kew Bull. 55: 89 (2000)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —M. Coates Palgrave, Trees Sthn. Africa: 394, fig.109 (2002).
    • in Kew Bull. 55: 89 (2000).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/