1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Desmodium Desv.
      1. Desmodium incanum (Sw.) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian anthropic landscapes, Somalia-Masai anthropic landscapes, Guinea-Congolian anthropic landscapes, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; anthropic landscapes.
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Beico De Boi, Cepa De Caballo, Collant, Colle-colle, Famalakantsy, Gros Treff, Gros Trefle, Herbe Gallon, Kaimi Clover, Pega Pega, Pelatsifotra, Petite Reglisse, Pti Tref, Savisaha, Spanish Clover, Strong Back, Strongbark, Tialamba, Trefle Petit, Wild Pea
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A half-woody undershrub, more or less decumbent
    Flowers
    Flowers reddish-purple in loose racemes.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Spreading to ascending or erect perennial herb, or becoming a wiry or stout subshrub or shrub, 0.3–3 m. tall; stem striate to angular, reddish, uncinulate-puberulent to pubescent and somewhat pilose at least above.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; stipules partially connate abaxially, at least when young, obliquely ovate-acuminate, truncate at base, 3–11 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, soft puberulent on the outer surface, long-persistent; stipels subulate to linear-attenuate, 1–5.5 mm. long, ciliate and puberulent; petioles uncinulate-puberulent and long spreading pilose, 0.8–3.5 cm. long; leaf-rhachis similar, shorter, to 1.5 cm. long; petiolules rugose, rather densely stiff pilose, 1–3 mm. long; leaflets very variable, often nearly orbicular at base, becoming successively oval, oblong, and nearly lanceolate above, mostly ± elliptic, acute at apex, rounded at base, rather lustrous and dark above, or with a paler streak along midrib, pubescence not conspicuous, pale beneath and rather densely pilose; terminal leaflets 2–9 cm. long, 1.5–4.5 cm. wide, the lateral up to 6 cm. long and 3 cm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of terminal and axillary racemes, the rhachis angular, ridged and grooved, densely uncinulate-puberulent; pedicels usually solitary but sometimes borne in fascicles of 3, the central flower not always developing to maturity, each pedicel (or fascicle) subtended by 1 primary bract and (if solitary) by 2 lateral secondary bracts, all of which are persistent; primary bracts lanceolate-acuminate, 2.2–4.5 mm. long, 0.5–0.8 mm. wide, puberulent on the outer surface; secondary bracts similar, 1–2 mm. long, to 0.5 mm. wide; pedicels densely uncinulate-puberulent and sometimes pilose, 4–10 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx uncinulate-puberulent and abundantly pilose, the teeth of both lobes finely ciliate, 2–4 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue or red to purple; standard obovate, retuse, 3–5.5 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide; wings ± oblong, clawed for one-third their length, 3.5–6 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide; keel-petals ± scythe-shaped, obtuse at apex, scarcely auricled, equalling the wings.
    Fruits
    Fruit stipitate, up to 8-articled; stipe 1.5–2.5 mm. long; articles essentially straight above, indented about two-thirds their width at the isthmi (below), uncinulate-pubescent throughout, 3.5–5 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seed obtusely oblong, 1 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide.
    Habitat
    Roadsides, cultivated fields and plantations; 0–1050 m.
    Distribution
    T2 T6 U4 Z scattered throughout tropical Africa where it is probably introduced or an escape from cultivationwidespread in the warmer parts of America from southern Florida and Texas to Uruguay and Argentinaoccasional throughout tropical areas of the world

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Ivory Coast

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Ascension, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Cook Is., Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Georgia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Marquesas, Mauritius, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, Norfolk Is., Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., St.Helena, Tanzania, Texas, Uganda, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zaïre

    Desmodium incanum (Sw.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 27, 2014 Vásquez, R. [35701], Peru K000966946
    Jun 1, 2010 Usteri, A. [52b], Brazil K000931577
    Jun 1, 2010 Mimura, I. [126], Brazil K000931593
    May 1, 2010 Lindeman, J.C. [461], Brazil K000931586
    May 1, 2010 Eiten, G. [2612], Brazil K000931594
    May 1, 2010 Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K000931571
    May 1, 2010 Sellow, F. [s.n.], Brazil K000931572
    Apr 1, 2003 Harley, R.M. [172352], Bahia K000205936
    Apr 1, 2003 Harley, R.M. [17235], Bahia K000205937
    Apr 1, 2003 Harley, R.M. [15989], Bahia K000205938
    Apr 1, 2003 Harley, R.M. [15357], Bahia K000205940
    Apr 1, 2003 Mori, S.A. [11740], Bahia K000205934
    Jan 1, 1999 Paixão, J.L. [104], Bahia K000188386
    Jan 1, 1997 Thomas, W.W. [11352], Bahia K000205141
    Aug 1, 1995 Nascimento, M.S.B. [538], Piauí K000206437
    Jul 1, 1991 Carvalho, A.M. [2729], Bahia K000205929
    Aug 1, 1990 Vinha, S.G. [101], Bahia K000205931
    Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [831], Bahia K000205941
    Jan 1, 1983 Philcox, D. [3761], Brazil K000931584
    Jul 1, 1981 Souza, H.F. [84], Bahia K000205930
    Aug 1, 1978 Philcox, D. [4334], Brazil K000931579
    Aug 1, 1978 Philcox, D. [4026], Brazil K000931583
    Rico, L. [1361], Bolivia K000295475
    Rico, L. [1454], Bolivia K000295370
    Rico, L. [1457], Bolivia K000295374
    Rico, L. [1542], Bolivia K000295319
    Rico, L. [1650], Bolivia K000295103
    Martius [530], Brazil K000931580
    Coradin, L. [3052], Sergipe K000206449
    Coradin, L. [1422], Bahia K000206448
    Coradin, L. [1215], Bahia K000206447
    Carvalho, A.M. [2446], Bahia K000205933
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K000931585
    Schomburgk [287], Brazil K000931576
    Blanchet [3555B], Brazil K000931574
    Ridley [26], Pernambuco K000205932
    Smith, L.B. [12634], Brazil K000931592
    Sellow, F. [s.n.], Brazil K000931582
    Holton, I.F. [954], Colombia K000940293
    Harris, W. [s.n.], Mexico K001091910
    Bernoulli [1294], Guatemala K001091911
    Kerr, J.G. [s.n.], Paraguay K000931573
    Tweedie, J. [308], Brazil K000931590
    Glocker, E.F.von [161], Bahia K000205935
    Rolland, G. [s.n.], Ceará K000205939
    Isabelle [s.n.], Brazil K000931591
    Weddell, M.A. [60], Brazil K000931587
    Galeotti [3407], Mexico K000931588
    Traill, J.W.H. [144], Brazil K000931578
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [10516], Brazil K000931589
    Gardner [3111], Brazil K000931581
    Spruce, R. [519], Brazil K000931575
    Nov 1, 1925 Spruce, R. [6355], Ecuador Desmodium frutescens K000200923
    Jan 1, 1951 s.coll. [1285], Bolivia Desmodium canum K000328119
    Wright, C. [2315], Cuba Desmodium canum K000328090
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5731], India Desmodium tenue K001121925
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5731], India Desmodium tenue K001121926

    First published in Prodr. 2: 332 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Pires Lima, L.C., de Queiroz, L.P., de Azevedo Tozzi, A.M.G & Lewis, G.P. (2014). A taxonomic revision of Desmodium (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) in Brazil Phytotaxa 169: 1-119.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • da Silva e Silva, W.L., Cajueiro Gurgel, E.S., Moreira dos Santos, J.U. & Falcão da Silva, M. (2013). Inventário e distribuição geográfica de Leguminosae no arquipélago de Marajó, PA, Brazil Hoehnea 40: 627-647.
    • Barger, T.W. & al. (2012). New and noteworthy records for the flora of Alabama Castanea 77: 257-269.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Pires Lima, L.C., de Queiroz, L.P., de Azevedo Tozzi, A.M.G & Lewis, G.P. (2014). A taxonomic revision of Desmodium (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) in Brazil Phytotaxa 169: 1-119.
    • Barger, T.W. & al. (2012). New and noteworthy records for the flora of Alabama Castanea 77: 257-269.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
    • S.Calderon & P.C.Standley (1944). Lista Preliminar de las plantas de El Salvador, ed. 2: 1-450. Ediciones culturales de la universidad de El Salvador.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
    • Strahm, W. (1989). Plant Red Data Book for Rodrigues
    • Lewis, G. P. (1987). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 369 pp Legumes of Bahia
    • Robertson, S. A. & Todd, D. M. (1983). Atoll Res. Bull. 273(3) :39-64 Vegetation of Frigate Island
    • Dwyer, J. D. et al. (1980). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 67(3) :523-818 ... Papilionoideae
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • de Cordemoy, E. J. (1895). Flore de l'ile de la Reunion
    • Balfour, I. B. (1879). The collections from Rodriguez. Botany. Phil. Trans. 168:326-387
    • Baker, J. G. (1877). Flora of Mauritius and the Seychelles

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0