1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Stapelia L.
      1. Stapelia gigantea N.E.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

    Habit
    Compact, dense clump-forming stem-succulents.
    Stem
    Stems 12–25(–30) cm long, 2–3 cm wide, sharply 4-angled with compressed faces. Tubercles inconspicuous
    Leaves
    Leaf rudiments deltoid, 2–3 mm long, acute
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–4-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers strongly carrion-scented; peduncle stout, up to 1 mm long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 3–6 cm long
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate, 10–16 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla rotate, 15–40 cm diameter, abaxially minutely pubescent, adaxially yellowish to pale reddish, transversely rugolose, wrinkles redbrown or purple, covered by fine, whitish to reddish hairs up to 12 mm long; tube flat to slightly campanulate, 3–10 cm diameter; lobes spreading, ovate to triangular, 8–15 cm long, caudate
    Corona
    Gynostegial corona purple, usually atop a short, yellow stipe; interstaminal corona lobes erect-diverging, rectangular, occasionally spatulate, 5–6 × 1.5–2.5 mm, apically crenate, with or without mucro; staminal corona lobes erect, 8–12 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, with central subulate and dorsal broadly winged appendages
    Fruits
    Mericarps erect, two, 9–13 cm long, fusiform
    Figures
    Fig. 85, p 357

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, India, Kenya, Tanzania

    Stapelia gigantea N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1985 Young, R.G.N. [17301], Zimbabwe K000306100 holotype
    Jun 1, 1981 Gerrard, W.T. [717], South Africa K000306093 Unknown type material
    Jun 1, 1981 Nelson, W. [114], South Africa K000306094
    South Africa 2016.000
    29863.000
    South Africa 8048.000
    8058.000
    K000306096 Unknown type material
    K000306097 Unknown type material
    Eyles, F. [7634], Zimbabwe 2013.000
    Eyles, F. [7633], Zimbabwe 2014.000
    Eyles, F. [7638], Zimbabwe 2015.000
    Wilkin, P. [744], Zimbabwe 59256.000
    70000.162
    MacOwan [s.n.], South Africa K000306095
    s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa 25037.000

    First published in Gard. Chron., n.s., 7: 684 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Bruyns, P.V. (2005). Stapeliads of Southern Africa and Madagascar 1-2: 1-606. Umdaus press, Hatfield, South Africa.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Albers, F. & Meve, U. (eds.) (2002). Illustrated handbook of succulent plants Asclepiadaceae, corr. 2nd printing: 1-318. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg,New York.
    • Jagtap, A.P. & Singh, N.P. (1999). Fascicles of Flora of India 24: 1-332. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
    • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
    • Bruyns, P.V. (2005). Stapeliads of Southern Africa and Madagascar 1-2: 1-606. Umdaus press, Hatfield, South Africa.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Jagtap, A.P. & Singh, N.P. (1999). Fascicles of Flora of India 24: 1-332. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
    • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Stap. south. Afr. Madag. 2: 472 (2005).
    • Excelsa Tax. Ser. 3: 10 (1985)
    • Gard. Chron., ser. nov. 7: 684 (1877)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0