1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris herrerana Cascante

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica.

    [PW]
    Habitat
    Along the central part and the south region of the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica, and possibly extending to Panama. From 200-300 m in La Cangreja Protected Zone and Corcovado National Park, to 950-1000 m in the Fila Tinamaste in Perez Zeledon, San Jose. In Tropical humid forest, transition to premontane, and in Pluvial premontane forest according to Holdridge's Life Zones Classification (Tosi 1969); or Sub-tropical, Tropical, humid with three to four dry months, and Tropical, tropical, humid with one to two dry months according to Herrera and Gomez's Biotic Units Classification (1993).
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, 2.0-3.0 m tall, stems 3-6, 1.5-2.5 cm diam., internodes usually spiny. Leaves 4-6 (-11), sheaths to 24.0 cm long, covered with short black spines; petiole glabrous or shortly pubescent, (15-) 20-28 (-43) cm long, with black spines (0.5-) 2.5-3.6 (-5.7) cm long, the basal portion with more numerous, shorter spines. Lamina simple and deeply bifid (rarely irregularly divided), 0.8-1.2 m long, glabrous adaxially and the secondary veins prominent, abaxially with a short brownish pubescence, lobes 10.0-17.0 cm wide at apex of rachis, 35-45 cm long, spinulose margin. Rachis pubescent underneath, with or without black spines, (2.5-) 3.5-5.0 (-5.7) cm long. Inflorescence infrafoliar, peduncle 3.5-7.0 cm Iong, 5.0-7.0 mm wide, recurved in anthesis, covered with short spines especially on the basal portion, prophyll ca. 9.0 cm long, peduncular bract 12.0-18.0 cm long., spinulose, with short blackish-brown and yellowish spines; rachis 4.5-7.2 cm long, rachillae 31-45, 4.5-7.5 cm long, densely covered with glandular hairs. Staminate flowers grouped on the proximal part of the rachillae, pedicel 0.4-0.6 mm long, sepals fused at the base, lobes apiculate, ca. 1 mm long, glabrous; corolla Z.O-3.5 mm long, petals white-cream, glabrous, fused at the base and apically, thecae ca. 0.5-0.6 mm long., longitudinally dehiscent. Pistillate flowers sessile, cupular calyx, 1.0-3.0 mm long, glabrous or sub-glabrous, and striate (when dry); corolla forming a tube, 3.0-4.5 mm long, with brown ascendent trichomes outside, glabrous inside, style glabrous, to 4.0 mm long, stigma capitate. Fruits obovate with a prominent stigmatic residue, (0.9-) 1.0-1.2 (-1.5) cm diam., (0.7-) 1.1-1.3 (-1.5) cm long, red when ripe, glabrous, and striate; endocarp black, corolla conspicuous in the fruit, irregularly divided.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica

    Bactris herrerana Cascante appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Palms 44: 148 (2000)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Alfredo Cascante, Additions to the genus Bactris (Arecaceae) of Mesoamerica in 44(3). 2000

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0