1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ricinodendron Müll.Arg.
      1. Ricinodendron heudelotii (Baill.) Heckel

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Deciduous tree up to 40 m. high; trunk up to 25 m. high, and up to 1.5 m. in diameter 1.5 m. from the ground.
    Bark
    Bark rough, scaling, dark grey.
    Wood
    Wood soft, white, perishable.
    Twigs
    Twigs up to 1 cm. diameter, sparsely lenticellate, densely ferruginous stellate-pubescent at first, soon glabrescent, with a thick pith.
    Leaves
    Leaf-segments 3–7, elliptic-lanceolate to broadly elliptic, the median ones 10–30 cm. long, 5–15 cm. wide, the laterals somewhat smaller, long-acuminate to caudate-acuminate, acute, attenuate at base into the usually scarcely distinct pseudopetiolule, subentire or shallowly glandular-toothed, lateral nerves 15–25 pairs, glabrous or subglabrous above, subglabrous or initially or persistently densely silvery stellate-tomentose beneath, membranous. Petiole 10–40 cm. long, with (0–)1–2 discoid glands ± halfway along on the adaxial surface, stellate-pubescent at first, soon glabrescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules broadly flabelliform, 2–3(–5) cm. wide, with gland-tipped teeth 2–5 mm. long, palmately nerved, stellate-pubescent at first, soon glabrescent, persistent.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels 1–2 mm. long, pubescent; sepals ovate, 3–4 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, pubescent without and within, greenish brown; petals ovate, 5–6 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, glabrous except for the pilose lower free margins, white, greenish white or pale yellow-green; disc-glands 4–6, ovate-suborbicular, yellow; stamens (7–)10–14, filaments inflexed in bud, later straightening and then 6 mm. long, anthers 0.75 mm. long. Male inflorescences 15–30(–40) cm. long, densely stellate-pubescent at first, soon glabrescent except in the axils of the branches; bracts subulate to linear, 3–7 mm. long, those in the lower part of the panicle, or occasionally all of them, with 1–3 globose, dark green glands on either side.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences 6–10 cm. long, more robust than ♂; indumentum and bracts as in ♂. Male inflorescences 15–30(–40) cm. long, densely stellate-pubescent at first, soon glabrescent except in the axils of the branches; bracts subulate to linear, 3–7 mm. long, those in the lower part of the panicle, or occasionally all of them, with 1–3 globose, dark green glands on either side.
    Flowers
    Female flowers:pedicels 4–6 mm. long, pubescent; sepals and petals similar to those of ♂ but larger; disc crenellate, yellow-green; ovary 2–3-locular, globose, 5 mm. diameter, densely stellate-pubescent; styles 2–3, 4 mm. long. Male flowers:pedicels 1–2 mm. long, pubescent; sepals ovate, 3–4 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, pubescent without and within, greenish brown; petals ovate, 5–6 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, glabrous except for the pilose lower free margins, white, greenish white or pale yellow-green; disc-glands 4–6, ovate-suborbicular, yellow; stamens (7–)10–14, filaments inflexed in bud, later straightening and then 6 mm. long, anthers 0.75 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers:pedicels 4–6 mm. long, pubescent; sepals and petals similar to those of ♂ but larger; disc crenellate, yellow-green; ovary 2–3-locular, globose, 5 mm. diameter, densely stellate-pubescent; styles 2–3, 4 mm. long. Female inflorescences 6–10 cm. long, more robust than ♂; indumentum and bracts as in ♂.
    Fruits
    Fruits 2–3-locular, bilobed or trilobed, 2–3-seeded, occasionally unlobed if one seed aborts, 2.5–3.5 cm. long, and 4–5 cm. wide when fresh, somewhat smaller when dried, glabrescent, green at first, becoming black when ripe.
    Seeds
    Seeds compressed-subglobose, 1.3–1.7 cm. diameter, reddish brown.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Ricinodendron heudelotii (Baill.) Heckel appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drummond, R.B. [3031], Tanzania 22022.000
    Fay, J.M. [7310], Central African Republic 63384.000

    First published in Ann. Inst. Colon. Marseille 5(2): 40 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 3: 1-634. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 3: 1-634. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J. Léon. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 31: 397 (1961).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 393 (1958).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 130 (1921).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(3): 46, t. 16 (1911).
    • Heckel in Ann. Inst. Col. Marseille 5(2): 40 (1898).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0