1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris horridispatha Noblick ex A.J.Hend.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (W. Bahia).

    [PW]
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, 1-6 m tall, 1.5-3 cm diam., spiny on internodes. Leaves 3-8; leaf spines scattered or clustered, yellowish brown or dark brown, darker at base and apex, tomentose, somewhat flattened, to 7 cm long, dense on sheath and lateral surfaces of petiole, fewer on abaxial surface of rachis; sheath 25-30 cm long, sheath, petiole, and rachis brown-tomentose; ocrea to 10 cm long; petiole 12-70 cm long; rachis 0.6-1.5 m long; pinnae 15-26, regularly arranged, spreading in the same plane, lanceolate; middle pinnae 29-66 x 3-8 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 11-27 cm long, slightly curved, not spiny; prophyll 10-16 cm long; peduncular bract 23-46 cm long, densely covered with black, brown or yellow, flattened, appressed spines to 3 cm long; rachis 6-14 cm long; rachillae 1-5,5-11 cm long, 2-5 mm diam.; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers not seen; pistillate flowers 5-10 mm long; calyx tubular, 1-5 mm long; corolla tubular, 4-10 mm long; staminodes minute or absent; fruits 2.3-2.5 cm diam., ellipsoid, purple-black, with brown scales; mesocarp juicy; endocarp obovoid, the sterile pores displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with regularly lobed, 0.5 cm long calyx and regularly lobed, 1 cm long corolla, without staminodial ring.
    Distribution
    Brazil (Bahia). Restinga forest or lowland rain forest on non-flooded forest, at 20-100 m elevation.
    Vernacular
    Brazil: baralhá, marajá, tucum, tucum amarelo.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast

    Bactris horridispatha Noblick ex A.J.Hend. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Noblick, L. [4730], Bahia K000462054 isotype

    First published in Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 79: 98 (2000)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0