1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris martiana A.J.Hend.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. South America to N. Brazil.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, forming small or large clumps, to 8 m tall, 3-5 cm diam., erect or often leaning, spiny on internodes. Leaves 3-10; leaf spines black or brownish, terete, to 10 cm long, dense on sheath, petiole, and rachis; sheath 18-S0 cm long, fibrous on margins; ocrea to 30 cm long; petiole 12-74 cm long; rachis 0.9-3 m long; pinnae 46-60 per side, regularly arranged, spreading in the same plane, linear or linear lanceolate, with small spines on margins, with a metallic sheen on drying; middle pinnae 45-70 x 2-3 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 14-30 cm long, recurved, flattened, not spiny; prophyll 10-22 cm long; peduncular bract 20-40 cm long, moderately covered with black spines to 1.5 cm long; rachis absent; rachilla 1, 12-20 cm long, at athesis glabrous; triads regularly arranged; staminate flowers 7-10 mm long, persistent; sepal lobes 2.5-4 mm long; petals 7-10 mm long; stamens 6-10; pistillode small or absent; pistillate flowers to 6 mm long; calyx cupular, to 1 mm long; corolla tubular, to 5 mm long; staminodial ring free from the corolla, to 3.5 mm long; fruits 3.5- 5.5 x 2-2.5 cm, congested, irregularly and narrowly obovoid, purple-black, sometimes minutely spinulose; mesocarp juicy; endocarp obovoid,the fertile pore displaced longitudinally and latitudinally; endocarp fibers free, numerous, with juicesacs attached; fruiting perianth with small, lobed calyx and much longer, scarcely lobed corolla, with prominent staminodial ring.
    Distribution
    Colombia (Amazonas), Ecuador (Napo, Sucumbíos), Peru (Cusco, Loreto, Madre de Dios), and Brazil (Acre, Amazonas); margins of larger rivers in lowland forest, at 106-300 m elevation.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 80 - 300 m.; Amazonia.
    Habit
    Arbusto, árbol, palma cespitosa
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Bactris martiana A.J.Hend. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 79: 120 (2000)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0