1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Blepharis Juss.
      1. Blepharis inopinata Vollesen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to N. Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Erect unbranched annual herb (rarely with a single branch); stems up to 45 cm long, sericeous-pubescent or pilose when young.
    Leaves
    Leaves subequal or smaller down to 2/3 of larger; lamina elliptic to obovate, largest 4–11 × 1.2–3.2 cm, margin entire, sparsely scabrid-sericeous, scabrid on margins.
    Flowers
    Flowers in 1-flowered persistent spikes subtended by 4 pairs of decussate bracts and with a number of reduced bract-like leaves at base, the spikes in dense sessile clusters of 2–5 on a flattened sparsely puberulous axis in axils of lower leaf-whorl just above the cotyledons (rarely also higher up); bracts green with brownish midrib and bristles, obovate, sparsely puberulous or sericeous-puberulous, terminating in a recurved bristle and on each side with 3–5 bristles 1–4 mm long, scabrid at base, upper bristles branched and sometimes with secondary bristles at base; lower pair 7–11 mm long, second pair 9–14 mm long, third pair 12–18 mm long, inner pair 15–20 mm long; bracteoles absent.
    Calyx
    Sepals green with brown veins or dorsal uniformly brown towards apex, puberulous and with scattered capitate glands, ciliate; dorsal ovate-elliptic, 22–26 mm long, narrowing gradually to the acute apex, withour or with 1–2 small lateral teeth per side, with numerous strong parallel secondary veins; ventral elliptic-obovate, 20–22 mm long, with 2 teeth 3–5 mm long and with a small recurved central tooth; lateral 18–20 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, 18–23 mm long of which the tube ± 6 mm, callus not ribbed, with 3 indistinct apical flanges; limb 8–12 mm wide, distinctly 3-lobed, indumentum beneath exclusively of capitate glands or with simple hairs intermixed, above of straight capitate glands and sometimes simple hairs apically and of bent hairs basally.
    Filaments
    Filaments 2–3 mm long, sparsely glandular; appendage ± 3 mm long, tapering gradually to an obtuse tip; anthers 2–3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule and seed not seen.
    Ecology
    Brachystegia, Pterocarpus-Burkea and Isoberlinia woodland on white sandy soil or grey clayey loam; 900–1100 m
    Note
    But it also has unique characters: bristles branched, corolla-indumentum beneath of glandular hairs only (or with simple hairs intermixed) and above of straight capitate glands and sometimes simple hairs apically and of bent hairs basally. An extraordinary species which combines characters from Sect. Blepharis (flowers in 1-flowered spikes subtended by 4 pairs of decussate bracts with bristles) and Sect. Scorpioidea (spikes condensed into head-like inflorescences, glandular indumentum, lower sepal with long teeth and central tooth, long curved anther tooth).
    Distribution
    Flora districts: T4 Range: Tanzania. Range: Zambia Range: Zambia

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia

    Blepharis inopinata Vollesen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [3883], Tanzania K000394253 isotype
    Bidgood, S. [3883], Tanzania K000394254 isotype
    Bidgood, S. [3883], Tanzania K000394255 holotype

    First published in Blepharis (Acanthac.) Taxon. Revis.: 233 (2000)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Blepharis: 233 (2000).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0