1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Blepharis Juss.
      1. Blepharis pusilla Vollesen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. & Central Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Erect or decumbent annual herb; stems up to 5 cm long, sparsely puberulous to sparsely sericeous.
    Leaves
    Leaves subequal or smaller pair 3/4 of larger; lamina lanceolate to narrowly oblong, largest 2.5–5.2 × 0.3–0.5(–0.8) cm, margin entire or some with a single tooth near base, sparsely puberulous on both sides, densest on midrib and margins.
    Flowers
    Heads slightly elongated, with less than 10 flowers, sometimes reduced to 2(–1) flowers, at base of stem or in axils of cotyledons, subsessile; axes finely sericeous; floral leaves linear to lanceolate, up to 2.2 × 0.3 cm, straight, glabrous to finely sericeous, margin with hard spines up to 1.5 mm long; inner bracts linear-lanceolate, up to 1.5 cm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals green or tinged purplish, with dark green veins, straw-coloured towards base, glabrous to finely sericeous, ciliate towards apex; dorsal elliptic, 10–14 mm long, narrowing gradually to an acute apex, no lateral teeth; ventral elliptic, 10–13 mm long, with 2 cuspidate teeth 1–3 mm long, no lateral teeth; lateral 9–12 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale to dark blue, 12–13 mm long of which the tube ± 3 mm; limb obovate, ± 5 mm wide, distinctly 3-lobed, central lobe longer, subacute; callus not ribbed.
    Filaments
    Filaments 3–4 mm long, exserted, glabrous; appendage ± 0.5 mm long, brooadly rounded, strongly curved.
    Fruits
    Capsule ± 7 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seed ± 5 × 4 mm.
    Distribution
    Range: Tanzania. Range: Not known elsewhere Range: Not known elsewhere Flora districts: T2 T5
    Ecology
    Acacia bushland on grey sandy soil and on grey crumbling clay, degraded Itigi Thicket; 1250–1750 m
    Note
    Known only from these collections. One of the few species in sect. Scorpioidea which occurs outside the Zambesian Brachystegia associations. It is closest to the following species and to the southern African Blepharis leendertziae, another species which interestingly enough also mainly occurs outside the Zambesian Domain.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Blepharis pusilla Vollesen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [4395], Tanzania K000394251 holotype
    Bidgood, S. [6167], Tanzania K000468258
    Bidgood, S. [6143], Tanzania K000468282

    First published in Blepharis (Acanthac.) Taxon. Revis.: 243 (2000)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Blepharis: 243 (2000).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0