1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa punctata (L.) Ham.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 60-100 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-sheaths hispid; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 20-40 cm long; 4-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 10-15; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-6 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 8-18 cm long. Rhachis angular; glabrous on surface; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; unequal; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 4-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 4-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; 5 -veined; pubescent; acuminate; muticous. Fertile lemma elliptic; 1-1.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1-1.5 mm long overall. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia. Pacific: north-central. North America: south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr Texas 1993.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1500 m.; Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, India, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Sri Lanka

    Eriochloa punctata (L.) Ham. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1998 Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1179], Brazil K001075985
    May 1, 1998 Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1234], Brazil K001078319
    Jan 1, 1976 Eiten, G. [3482], Brazil K001078310
    Jan 1, 1964 Eiten, G. [4801], Brazil K001078305
    Hinton, G.B. [6007], Guerrero K000465979
    Hinton, G.B. [5648], Guerrero K000465980
    Hinton, G.B. [5671], Guerrero K000465981
    Clayton, W.D. [4388], Brazil K001075988
    Clayton, W.D. [4461], Brazil K001078311
    Clayton, W.D. [4168], Brazil K001078303
    Clayton, W.D. [4767], Brazil K001078304
    Milliken, W. [M 153], Brazil K001075986
    Spruce, R. [4163], Peru K000201692
    Spruce, R. [4163], Peru K000201693
    Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000004012 isotype
    Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000004013 isotype
    Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000004014 isotype
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.] K001075982
    Chase, A. [9975], Brazil K001075978
    Riedel, L. [957], Brazil K001078313
    Riedel, L. [s.n.], Brazil K001078314
    Swallen, J.R. [3573], Brazil K001078309
    Krukoff, B.A. [5907], Brazil K001078315
    Dusén, P. [13688], Brazil K001078317
    Hitchcock, A.S. [300], Jamaica K000308109
    Commerson [1767], Brazil K001075977
    Parker, C.S. [s.n.], Guyana K001086165
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075992
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075993
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075994
    Sellow [1840], Brazil K001078300
    Ferreira, S. [48], Brazil K001075976
    Rambo, B. [46924], Brazil K001078306
    Hamilton, W.D. [66], Brazil K001075987
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6934], Brazil K001075979
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [2740], Brazil K001075980
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [2740], Brazil K001075981
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [4325], Brazil K001075983
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [14387], Brazil K001075984
    Swainson, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001078308
    Pohl, J.B.E. [1159], Brazil K001075996
    Pohl, J.B.E. [1125], Brazil K001075997
    Pohl, J.B.E. [1158], Brazil K001076000
    Pohl, J.B.E. [1156], Brazil K001078302
    Hatschbach, G.G. [26160], Brazil K001075989
    Hatschbach, G.G. [49263], Brazil K001075990
    Hatschbach, G.G. [14347], Brazil K001078316
    Hatschbach, G.G. [45223], Brazil K001078318
    Saint-Hilaire, A.F.C.P. [C2/213/2part], Brazil K001075995
    Fox, H.S. [306], Brazil K001078307
    s.coll. [1156], Brazil K001075999
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001078312
    Spruce, R. [421], Brazil K001078301
    Andrade Ornellas, S. [s.n.], Brazil K001075991

    First published in Prodr. Pl. Ind. Occid.: 5 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Hadinec, J. & Lustyk, P. (eds.) (2014). Additamenta ad floram Reipublicae Bohemicae. XII Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 49: 73-206.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/