1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Altoparadisium Filg., Davidse, Zuloaga & Morrone

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Brazil to Bolivia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (1). Culms 30-63.75-80 cm long. Culm-nodes flush with internodes (1/1). Lateral branches lacking (1/1), or sparse (1/1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (1), or a fringe of hairs (1). Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate. Leaf-blade apex muticous, or pungent (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Panicle open (1), or contracted (1). Primary panicle branches not whorled (1), or whorled at most nodes (1). Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; tip discoid (1/1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong (1); laterally compressed (1), or dorsally compressed (1); 3-4.595-7.2 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus pubescent (1), or pilose (1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong (1); laterally compressed (1), or dorsally compressed (1); 3-4.595-7.2 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus pubescent (1), or pilose (1).
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure (1), or two (1); reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume subulate (1/1). Upper glume oblong; membranous (1), or coriaceous (1); without keels; 3 -veined, or 4-5 -veined (1). Upper glume surface smooth (1), or scabrous (1); glabrous (1), or hispid (1). Upper glume awned; 1 -awned.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; membranous (1), or coriaceous (1); 3 -veined; without ribs (1), or ribbed (1); obtuse (1), or acute (1). Fertile lemma linear (1/1); membranous (1/1); without keel (1/1). Lemma apex obtuse (1/1). Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2. Ovary glabrous (1/1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; lanceolate (1/1), or oblong (1/1); dorsally compressed (1/1). Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum elliptic (1/1); 0.2 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    South America.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central

    Altoparadisium Filg., Davidse, Zuloaga & Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 363 (2001)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0