1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Euterpe Mart.
      1. Euterpe broadwayi Becc. ex Broadway

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Windward Islands to Trinidad-Tobago.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Stems cespitose with 2-3 stems, or seldom solitary, erect or slightly leaning, 8-20 m tall, 20-25 cm diam., gray, with a cone of roots at base, these to 2 m long. Leaves 10-16, spreading; sheath 1.3-1.8 m long, green or reddish brown; petiole 0.7-1.2 m long, densely to moderately covered with flat, irregular, black, reddish brown, or whitish brown scales; rachis 2.9-3.6 m long, with scales like those of petiole; pinnae 80-92 per side, pendulous to horizontal but pendulous at the apices, subopposite, coriaceous, scaly near point of insertion, with numerous punctations abaxially, with prominent mid vein and 2 lateral veins either side, the midvein with prominent brown ramenta abaxially; basal pinna 70-80 x 0.7 cm; middle pinnae 0.8-1.2 m x 3-4.5 cm; apical pinna 30-50 x 0.8-1 cm. Inflorescences infrafoliar, ± horizontal at anthesis; peduncle 15-20 cm long, ca. 3 cm diam.; prophyll ca. 1.3 m long; peduncular bract ca. 1.2 m long; rachis ca. 45 cm long; rachillae ca. 95, 70-95 cm long, 0.7-1 cm diam. at anthesis, absent from adaxial, basal part of rachis , densely covered with 1-2 mm long, branched, intertwined, whitish brown hairs; flowers in triads for ca. 2/3 of the rachillae, paired or solitary staminate distally; triad bracteole prominent, deltate, to 3 mm long, covered with hairs abaxially; first flower bracteole obscure, irregular, 1 mm long, second and third flower bracteoles prominent, ± equal, rounded, 2 mm long, covered in hairs abaxial ly; staminate flowers to 5 mm long; sepals widely ovate, 3 mm long, broadly imbricate, membranous, ciliate; petals ovate, 3.5-4 mm long, fleshy; stamens arranged on a short receptacle; filaments 1.5 mm long, flattened; anthers 2.5 mm long; pistillode 1.5-3 mm long, deeply trifid at apex; pistillate flowers to 4 mm long; sepals very widely ovate, 4 mm long; petals very widely ovate. 4 mm long. Fruits globose or depressed globose, 1-1.4 cm diam., the stigmatic remains subapical to lateral; epicarp purpleblack, minutely tuberculate; seeds globose; endosperm homogeneous; eophyll palmate.
    Distribution
    Lesser Antilles (Dominica, Grenada, St. Vincent), Trinidad, and Tobago; exposed, wind-swept places on forested mountain ridges or steep river valleys, at 600-1000 m.
    Vernacular
    Dominica: manicol; Lesser Antilles: mountain cabbage, palmiste; Trinidad: manac.
    [PW]
    Use
    The palm heart is eaten and is in much demand in some places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

    Euterpe broadwayi Becc. ex Broadway appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 8, 1986 Broadway, W.E. [4145], Trinidad & Tobago K000632590 isotype

    First published in Bull. Dept. Agric. Trinidad & Tobago 15: 174 (1916)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Gloria Galeano & A. Henderson, Flora Neotropica Monograph 72

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0