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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.
Desmodium tortuosum

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; anthropic landscapes., Zambezian anthropic landscapes., Sudanian anthropic landscapes, Somalia-Masai anthropic landscapes
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Amor Seco, Beggarweed, Cadillo, Cadillo Pegajoso, Florida Beggar Weed, Florida Beggarweed, Junquillo, Mozote, Sweetheart, Tick Trefoil, Twisted Tick Trefoil, Zarzabacoa Junquillo, Zarzabacoa Tortuosa

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous from a woody base, or frutescent, up to ± 1 m. tall, branching from the base; stem terete, striate, uncinulate-pubescent and somewhat pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate (or rarely some 1-foliolate); stipules obliquely ovate-attenuate, 3–12.5 mm. long, 1–7 mm. wide, striate, ciliate, puberulent on outer surface, becoming glabrous, long-persistent, often reflexed; petioles pubescent as stem, 0.5–5 cm. long; rhachis similar, 0.3–2 cm. long; leaflets elliptic to ovate, mostly obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, with prominently reticulate venation, sparsely to moderately uncinulate-puberulent and pilose on both surfaces, ciliate, the terminal 2–8 cm. long, 1–3 cm. wide, the lateral similar but slightly oblique, 1–5 cm. long, 0.5–2.8 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal, racemose to racemose-paniculate; rhachis striate, uncinulate-puberulent, moderately to densely and finely glandular pilose, becoming less densely so in age; primary bracts, each subtending 2 or more pedicels, narrowly ovate-attenuate, 3–6.5 mm. long, 0.5–1.5 mm. wide, striate, minutely puberulent on abaxial surface; secondary bracts, each subtending 1 pedicel, similar, smaller, ± 2 mm. long and 0.5 mm. wide; pedicels with pubescence similar to that of rhachis, rather stiff and ascending to spreading at maturity, 0.5–1.7 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers red to mauve or green with red or mauve margins, or white or yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx minutely puberulent and rather abundantly pilose throughout, teeth of both lobes somewhat ciliate; central tooth of lower lobe long attenuate, 3–4 mm. long, lateral teeth 2–3 mm. long, upper bifid lobe 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard obovate, slightly retuse at apex, gradually narrowed to base, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide; wings obtusely oblong, auricled and shortly clawed, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide; keel-petals obliquely oblong, broader above, clawed for ± one-third their length, 3–4 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5–7-articled, isthmi between the articles central; stipe 0.5–1 mm. long; articles mostly orbicular in outline, sometimes with margins alternately revolute and so appearing rhomboidal, 3–5 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. wide, uncinulate-pubescent throughout.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ± reniform, 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
Habitat
Roadsides, grassy places, abandoned plantations; up to 1100 m.
Distribution
T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T8 U4 throughout tropical and subtropical areas of Americaintroduced and naturalized throughout the tropics of the Old World

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial herb or undershrub 0.4–1.5 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems often several from the base, branched or unbranched, puberulous and with tubercular-based glandular hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1.2–9.5 × 0.6–5.5 cm, elliptic, rhombic or elliptic-oblong to ovate-lanceolate, rounded and usually mucronulate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, puberulous on both surfaces and with some longer pubescence on the nerves beneath; petiole 0.7–7 cm long; rhachis 4–22 mm long; petiolules 1.5–3 mm long; stipules 6–13 × 1.5–4 mm, obliquely ovate, broad at the base and with attenuate tips, puberulous and ciliate, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal and axillary, 11–30 cm long; peduncle 5–10 cm long; pedicels 8.5–17 mm long, puberulous and with longer hairs; primary bracts each subtending 1–4 pedicels, 3–6 × 0.8–1 mm, lanceolate, puberulous, soon deciduous; secondary bracts also present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent and puberulous and with some tubercular-based glandular hairs; tube 1–1.5 mm long; lobes 1.5–2 mm long, narrowly triangular, the upper pair joined to form a slightly 2-fid triangular lip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard pink, blue-mauve or blue-green, 5–6 × 3–3.5 mm, narrowly obovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 10–32 mm long, of (1)3–7 articles; each article 3–6.5 × 3–4 mm, elliptic or almost round, uncinulate-pubescent and minutely glandular, reticulate, strongly constricted between articles, the necks being centrally placed, c. 0.8 mm wide; stipe 2.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds chestnut-brown or greenish or yellow-brown, 3 × 2 × 1 mm, compressed-ellipsoid, slightly wider at one end; hilum minute, central.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 50 - 2000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, arbusto, trepadora
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[FWTA]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Erect herb or undershrub
Morphology General Indumentum
Pubescent branches
Morphology Leaves
Very thin flaccid leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Twisted fruits
Note
Introduced in our area.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 50 - 2000 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb, shrub or creeper.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
amorseco, cadillo, cadillo juancho, pegapega, robalgodón

[ILDIS]
Use
Domestic, Environmental, Forage, Weed

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Angola, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Congo, Cook Is., Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mississippi, Mozambique, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pitcairn Is., Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Desmodium tortuosum (Sw.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2010 Coradin, L. [8059], Brazil K000931685
Jan 1, 2010 Leitão Filho, H.F. [2024], Brazil K000931682
Jan 1, 2006 Hinton, G.B. [1950], Mexico K000118423
Jan 1, 2000 Coradin, L. [1376], Pernambuco K000206453
Jan 1, 2000 Coradin, L. [1227], Bahia K000206454
Aug 1, 1995 Nascimento, M.S.B. [20], Piauí K000206438
Jan 1, 1994 Queiroz, L.P. [3809], Bahia K000206433
Oct 1, 1990 Pinheiro, R.S. [403], Bahia K000205911
Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [972], Bahia K000205908
Jan 1, 1981 Mattos Silva, L.A. [625], Bahia K000205910
Jan 1, 1981 Mattos Silva, L.A. [625], Bahia K000205909
Jan 1, 1951 Hinton, G.B. [11448], Mexico K000118426
Jan 1, 1950 Hinton, G.B. [6892], Mexico K000118425
Jan 1, 1950 Hinton, G.B. [5480], Mexico K000118424
Jan 1, 1950 Hinton, G.B. [8523], Mexico K000118427
Coradin, L. [4797], Bahia K000206459
Coradin, L. [3293], Pernambuco K000206456
Hinton, G.B. [8728], Mexico K000118422
Coradin, L. [8329], Brazil K000931684
Coradin, L. [1967], Ceará K000206457
Coradin, L. [2915], Bahia K000206458
Semir, J. [1938], Brazil K000931681
Hinton, G.B. [8728], Mexico K000118421
Leitão Filho, H.F. [1615], Brazil K000931683
Leitão Filho, H.F. [2028], Brazil K000931680
Rugel, F.I.X. [s.n.], Florida Desmodium pulcherrimum K000297159 Unknown type material

First published in Prodr. 2: 332 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A.J. (1995). The flora of the Pitcairn islands: a review Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 79-119.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Olvera-Luna, A.R., Gama-López, S. & Delgado-Salinas, A. (2012). Flora del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán 107: 1-42. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónomica de México.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Pires Lima, L.C., de Queiroz, L.P., de Azevedo Tozzi, A.M.G & Lewis, G.P. (2014). A taxonomic revision of Desmodium (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) in Brazil Phytotaxa 169: 1-119.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Prod. 2: 332 (1825)
  • Schubert Fl. Congo Belge 5: 202.
  • Webb in Hook. Nig. Fl. 122

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A.J. (1995). The flora of the Pitcairn islands: a review Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 79-119.
  • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Olvera-Luna, A.R., Gama-López, S. & Delgado-Salinas, A. (2012). Flora del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán 107: 1-42. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónomica de México.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Pires Lima, L.C., de Queiroz, L.P., de Azevedo Tozzi, A.M.G & Lewis, G.P. (2014). A taxonomic revision of Desmodium (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) in Brazil Phytotaxa 169: 1-119.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • S.Calderon & P.C.Standley (1944). Lista Preliminar de las plantas de El Salvador, ed. 2: 1-450. Ediciones culturales de la universidad de El Salvador.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
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