1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Scutia (Comm. ex DC.) Brongn.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

    Habit
    Glabrous or nearly glabrous thorny shrubs or small trees, the thorns either straight (New World) or short and recurved (Africa, etc.)
    Branches
    Branchlets and leaves opposite or nearly so; petioles short
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, in condensed axillary cymes or axillary fascicles or solitary in the axils
    Disc
    Disk lining the cup, rather thin
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–3-celled (very rarely 3-merous in Africa); style very short and slightly lobed
    Fruits
    Drupe nearly globose, at maturity pulpy and with 2 or 3 seeds each enclosed in the free endocarpous stone which has no evident ventral pore or slit and is never regularly dehiscent.
    [FZ]

    Rhamnaceae, R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrubs or lianes, unarmed or armed with straight or hooked axillary spines.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually opposite, oval to oblong, entire or denticulate, glabrous, penninerved; stipules very small, deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary fascicle or umbel.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle turbinate.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, inserted at the back of the margin of the disk, shortly unguiculate, emarginate, cucullate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, ± equal in length to the petals.
    Disc
    Disk lining the receptacle.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, 2(4)-locular; ovules 1 in each loculus; style 2(4)-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit an ovoid or subglobose somewhat fleshy drupe.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–4, each surrounded by a thin but tough endocarp.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burundi, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Galápagos, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Northern Provinces, Peru, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Uruguay, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Scutia (Comm. ex DC.) Brongn. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Mém. Fam. Rhamn.: 55 (1826)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Ann. Sci. Nat. 10: 362 (1827) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mém. Fam. Rhamn.: 55 (1826), nom. conserv.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0