1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Osteospermum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to S .Africa and Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or less often opposite, sometimes in a rosette, petiolate or sessile, entire or variously divided up to bipinnatipartite
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary and terminal or arranged in terminal corymbose cymes or rarely racemes, heterogamous, radiate; phyllaries free, 1–3(–4)-seriate; receptacle flat or slightly convex, epaleate
    Florets
    Ray florets with a short tube and a narrow oblong ray, this rounded and minutely 3-dentate distally, staminodes sometimes present; style linear, glabrous, with long linear obtuse branches with stigmatose swellings along the margins; disc florets with a gradually widening tube, 5-lobed; anthers sagittate at the base with ± tailed auricles, with ovate apical appendage; style shallowly cleft, the lobes connate, with a collar of sweeping hairs at or slightly below the bifurcation, papillae absent
    Fruits
    Achenes hard, straight or slightly incurved, triangular or terete, sometimes 3–9-ridged, smooth, rugose or tuberculate, with or without wings, without or rarely with a rostrum; pappus absent.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Unarmed or spinescent shrubs or small trees
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, entire
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of solitary capitula or of few capitula together in a corymb
    Capitulum
    Capitula radiate; involucre broadly campanulate; phyllaries 2–3-seriate, with scarious margins; receptacle glabrous or pubescent
    Florets
    Ray florets female, fertile, with a short tube and a 4-veined yellow ray with 3 minute lobes distally, 4 staminodes, and a filiform style with obtuse branches; disc florets functionally male with a glandular-hairy tube and 5 ovate-triangular lobes; anthers with sagittate base, apically with ovate appendage; ovary oblong-linear, style minutely bifid, glandular, the arms pilose
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose drupe, shiny blue or black, with a hard globose or ellipsoid endocarp with a smooth surface or with raised nerves; pappus absent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    California, France, Hawaii, New Mexico, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Queensland, Sicilia, South Australia, Spain, Victoria, Western Australia

    Osteospermum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 923 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • B. Nord. in K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 375 (1994)
    • Norl., Stud. Calend. 1: 98–357 (1943)
    • G.P. 2: 455 (1873)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 395 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 923 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0