1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Melica L.
      1. Melica nitens (Scribn.) Nutt. ex Piper

        This species is accepted, and its native range is U.S.A. to NE. Mexico.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rootstock evident. Culms 50-120 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 1 of their length closed; smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous on surface, or puberulous. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-6 mm long. Leaf-blades 3-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous, or puberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; 10-26 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising (1-)2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-15 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising (1-)2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-15 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; with lower wider than upper; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 5-7 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; scarious; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keels. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblong; 7-9 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; much thinner above; with hyaline margins; without keels. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets all similar in size (second overtopping first). Fertile lemma elliptic; 8-11 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keel. Lemma surface scabrous and striate; rugulose. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Rhachilla extension straight. Apical sterile florets barren; in a clump; oblong, or cuneate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; united; oblong; fleshy; truncate. Anthers 3; 3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    North America: north-central USA, northeast USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico.
    Reference
    Meliceae. Gr Texas 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Mexico Northeast, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Melica nitens (Scribn.) Nutt. ex Piper appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nuttall, T. [s.n.], Arkansas K000808505
    s.coll. [s.n.], Arkansas K000808504

    First published in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 387 (1905)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0