1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca breviglumis Swallen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Central America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 60-130 cm long; 3 mm diam. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes constricted; brown; glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths 10-25 cm long; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-0.8 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 15-35 cm long; 3-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough abaxially; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; nodding; 15-27 cm long; 7-15 cm wide; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches 2 -nate; 9-18 cm long. Panicle branches scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume linear; 3-5 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 6.5-8.5 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 14-15.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; rounded except near apex; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 10-15 mm long overall. Palea 0.66-0.75 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 4-4.5 mm long; purple.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana.
    Reference
    Poeae. Fl Costa Rica 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Panamá

    Festuca breviglumis Swallen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    McVaugh, R. [13525], Mexico K000433575 isotype
    McVaugh, R. [13869], Mexico K000433576 isoparatype

    First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 398 (1950)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0