1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca californica Vasey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Oregon to California.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 60-130 cm long. Culm-internodes antrorsely scabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths antrorsely scabrous; glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long. Collar pubescent, or pilose. Leaf-blades conduplicate, or involute; 2-3 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; loose; 15-25 cm long; with spikelets clustered towards branch tips. Primary panicle branches spreading, or drooping; 2 -nate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-7 mm long; 0.66-0.8 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 6-8 mm long; 0.66-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 9 mm long; chartaceous; purple; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface puberulous. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0-2 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 3.5-5.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    North America: northwest USA and southwest .
    Reference
    Poeae. Fl Pac NW 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    California, Oregon

    Festuca californica Vasey appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1979 Bigelow, J.M. [s.n.] K000913329 isotype
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [207], California K000913315 Unknown type material

    First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1: 277 (1893)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0