1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca cartagana E.B.Alexeev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to Panama.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms 35-70 cm long. Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length; glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.1-0.3 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades convolute; 7-15 cm long; 2.4-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 15-23 secondary veins; 13-21 inner ridges.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 14-22 cm long. Panicle branches smooth. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9-11.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9-11.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.5 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5.7-6.7 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous; adorned below; with 0.66-0.75 of their length adorned. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.3-3.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana.
    Reference
    Poeae. Alexeev 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica, Panamá

    Festuca cartagana E.B.Alexeev appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1981 Pohl, R.W. [10853], Costa Rica K000433560 Unknown type material

    First published in Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 67: 1291 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0