1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Enterolobium Mart.
      1. Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to S. Tropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and for food.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
    Vernacular
    Bois Tanniste Rouge, Conacaste, Earpod Tree, Elephant Ear, Elephant's Ear, Framboyan Extranjero, Guanacaste, Monkey Soap, Oreille Cafre, Oreja
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1200 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Árbol
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Habit
    Tree.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Distribution
    Native and cultivated in Colombia.
    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 1200 m.
    [UPB]
    Food
    Food (Romero Castañeda 1961).
    Materials
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Suriname

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Bismarck Archipelago, Central African Repu, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ghana, Haiti, Hawaii, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Malaya, New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Sierra Leone, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Carito, orejero, orejero piñón, anjera, oriera, dormilón, caracaro, caro, hueso de pescado, carocaro, carito, matojiro, orejo, piñón de oreja, riñón, curutú, corotú, guanacaste, caro-caro, hueso de pescado.

    Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2001 Bridgewater, S. [379], Brazil K000877376
    Jul 27, 1992 Matuda, E. [17533], Mexico K000563753
    Jul 27, 1992 Langlassé, E. [103], Mexico K000563742
    Jul 27, 1992 Morton, C.V. [2654], Mexico K000563752
    Jul 27, 1992 Lott, E.J. [3433], Mexico K000563735
    Jul 27, 1992 Gonzalez Ortega, J. [5629], Mexico K000563745
    Jul 27, 1992 Gonzalez Ortega, J. [5629], Mexico K000563746
    Jul 27, 1992 Gonzalez Ortega, J. [5629], Mexico K000563747
    Jul 27, 1992 Palmer, E. [347], Mexico K000563741
    Jul 27, 1992 Palmer, E. [288], Mexico K000563754
    Jul 27, 1992 Palmer, E. [354], Mexico K000563756
    Jul 27, 1992 Dorado R., O.R. [1131], Mexico K000563749
    Jul 27, 1992 Dorado R., O.R. [1165], Mexico K000563750
    Jul 27, 1992 Soria R., G. [2180], Mexico K000563748
    Jan 1, 1991 Hinton, G.B. [3641], Mexico K000297058
    Jan 1, 1991 Hinton, G.B. [3641], Mexico K000297059
    Jan 1, 1991 Hinton, G.B. [3416], Mexico K000297060
    Jan 1, 1991 Hinton, G.B. [5788], Mexico K000563743
    Jan 1, 1991 Rovirosa, J.N. [773], Mexico K000563738
    Jan 1, 1991 Penington, T.D. [9459], Mexico K000563736
    Jan 1, 1991 Pennington, T.D. [9483], Mexico K000563739
    Jan 1, 1990 Martínez Salas, E.M. [20240], Mexico K000563737
    Jan 1, 1988 Milliken, W. [M.30], Brazil K000877375
    Jan 1, 1986 Hopkins, M.J.G. [906], Brazil K000877374
    Jan 1, 1977 Gaumer, G.F. [722], Mexico K000563755
    Jan 1, 1972 Prance, G.T. [13728], Brazil K000877378
    Jan 1, 1967 Prance, G.T. [4333], Brazil K000877377
    Krukoff, B.A. [5047], Brazil K000877379
    Krukoff, B.A. [5414], Brazil K000877380
    Gallardo, C. [479], Mexico K000563740

    First published in Fl. Brit. W. I.: 226 (1860)

    Accepted by

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Niembro Rocas, A., Vázquez Torres, M. & Sáchez Sáchez, O. (2010). Árboles de Veracruz 100 especies para la reforstación estratégica: 1-253. Gombierno del Estado de Veracruz, México.
    • Fuentes, A.F., Miranda, T., Araujo-Murakami, A., Cayola, L. Macia, M.J. & Jørgensen, P.M. (2009). Novedades florísticas de la región Madidi, La Paz, Bolivia Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 4: 293-313.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    • Romero Castañeda, R. (1961). Plantas útiles de Colombia. Volumen I. San Juan Eudes, Bogotá.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Niembro Rocas, A., Vázquez Torres, M. & Sáchez Sáchez, O. (2010). Árboles de Veracruz 100 especies para la reforstación estratégica: 1-253. Gombierno del Estado de Veracruz, México.
    • Fuentes, A.F., Miranda, T., Araujo-Murakami, A., Cayola, L. Macia, M.J. & Jørgensen, P.M. (2009). Novedades florísticas de la región Madidi, La Paz, Bolivia Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 4: 293-313.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
    • S.Calderon & P.C.Standley (1944). Lista Preliminar de las plantas de El Salvador, ed. 2: 1-450. Ediciones culturales de la universidad de El Salvador.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Stevens, W. D., et al. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua, 85(2)... Missouri Bot. Gard. Press
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Horn, P. E. (1988). Herbarium References
    • DeGuzman, Umali & Sotalbo (1986). Guide to Philippine Flora & Fauna 3:199-230. Philippines.
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
    • Adams, C. D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica Univ. West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
    • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
    • Keay, R. W. J. (1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ed. 2;Vol. 1, part 2
    • Standley, P. C. & Steyermark, J. A (1946). Fieldiana, Bot. 24(5) :1-425 Leguminosae

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/