1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca chrysophylla Phil.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru to NW. Argentina and N. Central Chile.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; 30-65 cm long; 1 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.3-0.5 mm long; bilobed. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 7-40 cm long; 0.7-1 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation comprising 7 vascular bundles; with 3 inner ridges; with subepidermal sclerenchyma free from veins (except midrib); with continuous uniform subepidermal sclerenchyma layer on the underside. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; 6-10 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.8-1 mm long; scaberulous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.8-1 mm long; scaberulous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 4.5-5 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume linear; 5-6.2 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 5.3-6.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or puberulous; hairy below. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 6 mm long; 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 0.8-1 mm long. Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America and southern South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Matthei 1996.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 15-25 cm long; 2-3 -noded. Leaf-sheath oral hairs woolly. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blades aciculate; involute; 5-13 cm long; 1-2 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade margins ciliate. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 4.5-6 cm long; 0.6-0.8 cm wide. Primary panicle branches appressed. Panicle branches glabrous, or pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8.5-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8.5-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; with lower narrower than upper; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; herbaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 5-6 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 6-7 mm long; herbaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins pubescent. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels pubescent. Palea surface papillose. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 0.6 mm long; membranous; 2-toothed. Anthers 3; 2.5-3.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform; plano-convex; 3.5 mm long; glabrous. Embryo 0.15 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America and southern South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Tovar.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms 10-18 cm long; 2 -noded. Leaves distichous. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 5-9 cm long; 1 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade venation with subepidermal sclerenchyma attached to veins above and below; with continuous uniform subepidermal sclerenchyma layer on the underside. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 4-8 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 2 -nate; simple. Panicle axis smooth. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1 mm long; smooth.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1 mm long; smooth.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 0.8 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 6-7 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-7 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acute; muticous. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 3 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Turpe 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Chile Central, Chile North, Peru

    Festuca chrysophylla Phil. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Chile K000433668 isotype
    Oct 1, 1982 Fiebrig, K. [3192], Peru Festuca orthophylla K000433592 isotype
    Oct 1, 1982 Fiebrig, K. [3192], Peru Festuca orthophylla K000433593 isotype
    Hieronymus [787], Argentina Festuca eriostoma K000433667 isolectotype

    First published in Anales Mus. Nac. Santiago de Chile 8: 88 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Ospina, J.C., Aliscioni, S.S. & Denham, S.S. (2015). A revision of Festuca (Loliinae, Pooideae, Poaceae) in Chile Phytotaxa 223(1): 1-66.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ospina, J.C., Aliscioni, S.S. & Denham, S.S. (2015). A revision of Festuca (Loliinae, Pooideae, Poaceae) in Chile Phytotaxa 223(1): 1-66.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/