1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca dichoclada Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia, Peru.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped moderately. Cataphylls inconspicuous, or evident. Rhizomes short; fleshy; not obviously scaly. Basal innovations extravaginal, or intravaginal. Culms erect; robust; straight, or curved; 80-120 cm long; 3-5 -noded; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; scaberulous. Culm-nodes without exudate; glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves basal and cauline; 3-5 per branch. Leaf-sheaths tight; unthickened at base; open for most of their length; without keel; striately veined; scaberulous; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 8-12 mm long; membranous; white; lacerate. Leaf-blade base symmetrical. Leaf-blades flexuous; involute; linear in section; 20-40 cm long; 2-3 mm wide; herbaceous; firm, or flaccid; mid-green, or glaucous. Leaf-blade midrib evident. Leaf-blade venation distinct; with subepidermal sclerenchyma strands similar in size; with subepidermal sclerenchyma attached to veins above and below; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough abaxially; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; with 1 peduncles per sheath. Peduncle straight, or flexuous; terete; eglandular; glabrous. Panicle open; ovate; continuous; loose, or effuse; equilateral, or secund; straight; 27-45 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading; profusely divided; 10-20 cm long; naked below. Panicle branches straight, or arcuate; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 11-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 11-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; subequal in width; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume linear, or lanceolate; 5-7.5 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous, or chartaceous; pallid, or light green, or grey, or purple; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous; rough above. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 6.5-9 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; pallid, or light green, or purple; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous; rough above. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; symmetrical; 8-11 mm long; chartaceous; pallid, or light green; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins prominent. Lemma surface scaberulous, or scabrous. Lemma apex acuminate; muticous. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 4-5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Stancik 2005.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Peru

    Festuca dichoclada Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 514 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0