1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca elmeri Scribn. & Merr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Oregon to Central California.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Culms 40-100 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 10-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches drooping; 5-10 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 2-2.5 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins prominent. Lemma surface hispidulous. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 2-8 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    North America: northwest USA and southwest .
    Reference
    Poeae. Man US Gr 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    California, Oregon

    Festuca elmeri Scribn. & Merr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1980 Lobb, W. [s.n.], USA K000308245
    Apr 1, 1980 Howell, J.T. [1534], USA K000308244
    Apr 1, 1980 Howell, J.T. [s.n.], USA K000308254
    Apr 1, 1980 Hoover, R.F. [5019], USA K000433525
    Apr 1, 1980 s.coll. [10], USA K000308247
    Apr 1, 1980 [Bolander] [21], USA K000308246
    Jun 1, 1979 Bolander, H.N. [11?], USA K000308248
    Jun 1, 1979 Wolley-Dod, A.H. [326], USA K000308252
    Jun 1, 1979 Wolley-Dod, A.H. [354], USA K000308253
    Jun 1, 1979 Elmer, A.D.E. [3322], USA K000308251
    Jun 1, 1979 Bolander [22], USA K000308249
    Jun 1, 1979 Bolander [22], USA K000308250

    First published in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 468 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0