1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca glyceriantha Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Cataphylls inconspicuous. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; robust, or of moderate stature; straight; 35-60 cm long; 0 -noded; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete. Culm-nodes without exudate; glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves basal and cauline; 0-2 per branch. Leaf-sheaths tight; unthickened at base; open for most of their length; without keel; striately veined; smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.6 mm long; membranous; white; pubescent on abaxial surface; entire; acute. Leaf-blade base symmetrical. Leaf-blades straight; conduplicate; linear in section, or angular in section; 8-25 cm long; 2-3 mm wide; coriaceous; firm; yellowish green, or light green, or glaucous. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct, or evident. Leaf-blade venation indistinct, or distinct; with subepidermal sclerenchyma strands similar in size; with subepidermal sclerenchyma attached to veins above and below; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation, or with sclerenchyma strands widened to form a discontinuous subepidermal layer. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; puberulous; moderately hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; with 1 peduncles per sheath. Peduncle terete; eglandular; glabrous. Panicle open, or contracted; lanceolate; continuous, or interrupted; dense; equilateral, or secund; straight; 8-25 cm long; evenly furnished, or contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches appressed; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes 2-3 mm long; smooth. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes 2-3 mm long; smooth. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; with lower narrower than upper; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-5 mm long; 0.75-0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; light brown; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.5-6 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; mid-green; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins prominent. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; symmetrical; 7-8 mm long; chartaceous; mid-green, or light brown, or dark brown; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex obtuse; muticous, or mucronate. Principal lemma awn 0.5-2.5 mm long overall. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 3-3.7 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Stancik 2005.

    Distribution

    Festuca glyceriantha Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 516 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0