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  1. Family: Balsaminaceae A.Rich.
    1. Genus: Impatiens Riv. ex L.
      1. Impatiens pseudoviola Gilg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Balsaminaceae, C. Grey-Wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial to 30–40 cm. tall; stems erect to decumbent, simple or moderately branched, often rooting at the lower nodes, glabrous or finely pubescent, but becoming glabrescent below.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged or occasionally subopposite; petiole 1–3 cm. long, slender, glabrous or finely pubescent; lamina ovate to ovate-rhombic or ovate-elliptic, 1.2–5.3(–7) cm. long, 1.4–3.5(–4) cm. broad, acute to shortly acuminate, the base shortly cuneate, glabrous or finely pubescent above and beneath; lateral veins (3–)4–6 pairs; margin crenate to crenate-serrate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1(2–3)-flowered, the flowers violet, pink or purplish, the lateral united petals with a violet, sometimes yellow, spot towards the base.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle 1.8–2.2(–4) cm. long, slender, usually finely pubescent.
    Bracts
    Bracts linear-lanceolate, 2–4 mm. long, acute, solitary or as many as the number of flowers to each peduncle.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 11–17 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals linear-lanceolate, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, subacute, glabrous. Lower sepal narrowly navicular, 6–10 mm. long, 2.5–3.5 mm. deep, abruptly constricted into a 12–36 mm. long curved filiform spur.
    Corolla
    Dorsal petal suborbicular, 8–11 mm. long, 10–12 mm. broad, emarginate, dorsally with a narrow crest terminating in a short acute point, glabrous or with a few hairs along the crest, especially towards the base. Lateral united petals 9–14 mm. long, the lower petal of each pair two-thirds the size of the upper; upper petal oblong, 8–11 mm. long, 4–7 mm. broad, ± emarginate; lower petal narrowly oblong-elliptic, 7–10 mm. long, 2.5–5 mm. broad, obtuse.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit narrowly fusiform, 12–15 mm. long, 2–3 mm. broad, Fig. 2/10, p. 4.
    Habitat
    Damp shaded upland rain-forest, often on mossy banks, fallen branches or tree stumps and by waterfalls; 1550–3200 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K7 T2 T3 T5 T6 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Impatiens pseudoviola Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1980 Gillett, J.B. [18760], Kenya K000239168
    Jan 1, 1980 Mwangangi, O.M. [239], Kenya K000239169
    Jan 1, 1979 Faden, R.B. [1333], Kenya K000239164
    Jan 1, 1979 Faden, R.B. [1292], Kenya K000239166
    Dec 1, 1978 Thulin, M. [3056], Tanzania K000239177
    Dec 1, 1978 Thulin, M. [2943], Tanzania K000239178
    Jan 1, 1976 Cribb [10227], Tanzania K000239174
    Jan 1, 1976 Cribb [108843], Tanzania K000239175
    Jan 1, 1976 Cribb [10232], Tanzania K000239179
    Jan 1, 1976 Cribb [10056], Tanzania K000239180
    Jan 1, 1975 Hepper, F.N. [5160], Tanzania K000239173
    Jan 1, 1975 Mabberley, D.J. [426], Kenya K000239158
    Jan 1, 1974 Whitehead, M.J. [6], Kenya K000239165
    Jan 1, 1974 s.coll. [270], Kenya K000239186
    Aug 25, 1972 Verdcourt, B. [3651], Tanzania K000239183
    Aug 8, 1972 Verdcourt, B. [1611], Kenya K000239155
    Jan 1, 1908 Johnston, H.H. [13], Kenya K000419453
    Kenya 26265.000
    Tanzania 31282.000
    Tanzania 31310.000
    Tanzania 31385.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1369], Tanzania K000239172
    Bally, P.R.O. [9824], Kenya K000239154
    Bally, P.R.O. [8699], Kenya K000239156
    Polhill, R. [2340], Tanzania 3726.000
    Greenway [3913], Tanzania K000239182
    Gilbert, M.G. [4804], Kenya K000239167
    Faden, R.B. [s.n.], Kenya K000239159
    Faden, R.B. [s.n.], Kenya K000239160
    Faden, R.B. [s.n.], Kenya K000239161
    Faden, R.B. [734], Kenya K000239163
    Thulin, M. [2776], Tanzania K000239176
    Polhill, R.M. [2340], Tanzania K000239171
    Fries, R.E. [2042], Kenya K000419452 Unknown type material
    Volkens, G. [812], Kenya K000419454 Unknown type material
    Hemp, A. [1091], Tanzania K000239170
    Someren, C.G.V. [6675], Kenya K000239157

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 121 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Grey-Wilson in Impat. Afr.: 89, figs. 29, 30, pl. 9 (1980).
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 43: 121 (1909).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0