1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca nemoralis Türpe

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to NW. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; 100-150 cm long; 4 mm diam.; 2-3 -noded. Culm-internodes antrorsely scabrous. Culm-nodes black; glabrous. Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length; smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-3 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 4-4.5 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade venation with subepidermal sclerenchyma attached to veins above and below; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough abaxially; pubescent; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 25-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches 3-5 -nate; whorled at most nodes. Panicle axis scabrous. Panicle branches flexuous; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 6-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1 mm long; scaberulous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 6-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1 mm long; scaberulous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 5.5-6 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-7 mm long; chartaceous; purple; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma midvein scabrous. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1 mm long overall; deciduous. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.5-3 mm long. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America and southern South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Turpe 1995.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northwest, Bolivia

    Festuca nemoralis Türpe appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Darwiniana 15: 213 (1969)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0