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  1. Family: Balsaminaceae A.Rich.
    1. Genus: Impatiens Riv. ex L.
      1. Impatiens sylvicola Burtt Davy & Greenway

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Balsaminaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Low scrambling or upright (perennial?) herb; stems succulent, pinkish or green, often rooting at the nodes, glabrous or sparsely pilose (mainly when young).
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; lamina 2–7 × 1·8–4·5 cm., ovate to ovate-lanceolate, membranous, pilose on both surfaces (mainly on the nerves) or glabrescent or rarely quite glabrous, dark green on the upper surface, bright green or greyish-green on the lower one, apex acute or subobtuse, margin crenate or crenate-denticulate to serrate, base usually broadly cuneate, rarely ± rounded; secondary nerves 5–8 pairs, prominent beneath; petiole 0·8–3·2 cm. long, canaliculate, sometimes densely but usually sparsely pilose or often glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, usually solitary, rarely in fascicles of 2 or 3 (but then usually only one developed at a time), pinkish-purple or pink with deep red blotches at the base of the lateral petals; bracts very small, lanceolate-triangular, acute, usually pilose; pedicels 1·5–3 (3·5) cm. long, very slender, usually pilose (sometimes densely so), rarely glabrous.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals 4–6·5 × 0·9–1·25 mm., lanceolate-triangular, acute, ± densely pilose, with longer hairs along the margins; posterior sepal 9–11 (13) mm. long, 3–4 mm. deep, shallowly and obliquely navicular, abruptly constricted into the spur, distally subcaudate, pilose (especially along the keel-line); spur 11–15 (18) mm. long (or even somewhat longer), rather slender, tapering into a bluntish point, rarely with the end slightly thickened, always ± incurved.
    Corolla
    Anterior petal 7–11 × 8–13 mm. (when flattened), broadly ovate to transversely elliptic (when flattened), dorsally narrowly cristate, with the apex usually apiculate but sometimes slightly emarginate and with long hairs along the crest and denser towards the base, otherwise shortly hispid; lateral united petals 8–14 mm. long, deeply 2-lobed, usually shortly hispid outside; anterior lobe 8–10 mm. long, 5·25–7 mm. high, obliquely obovate, distally rounded or subtruncate and produced into a short ligulate appendage (1–2 × c. 1 mm.) at the lower margin; posterior lobe nearly equal in size, broadly oblique-obovate, with the apex rounded or obliquely truncate, entire or sometimes irregularly retuse.
    Ovary
    Ovary ± densely pilose.
    Fruits
    Capsule up to 1·5 cm. long, fusiform, pilose or glabrescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, not seen in a mature state (c. 1·4 × 0·9 mm. ?), dark brown, glabrous (the surface smooth?).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Impatiens sylvicola Burtt Davy & Greenway appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Greenway, P.J. [10975], Tanzania 34156.000
    Brummitt, R.K. [12266], Malawi 25694.171
    Brummitt, R.K. [11340], Malawi 25694.174
    Brummitt, R.K. [9744], Malawi 25694.196
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [4755], South Africa K000419581 Unknown type material
    Harris, T. [338], Mozambique K000613774
    Harris, T. [549], Malawi K000614597
    Harris, T. [537], Malawi K000614618
    Timberlake, J. [5104], Mozambique K000613484

    Bibliography

    First published in J.Burtt Davy, Man. Pl. Transvaal 1: 44 (1926)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0