1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca prolifera (Piper) Fernald

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic America to Maine.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Stolons absent, or present. Butt sheaths red, or purple; distinctly ribbed; persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 10-40 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; without keel. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 10-20 cm long; 0.5-1 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear; 3-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches indistinct the panicle almost racemose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-13 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 5-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-13 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 5-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 2-4 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 4-6 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5.5-8 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex acute; muticous. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.5-2 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Vegetative Multiplication
    Vegetative proliferation occurs.
    Distribution
    North America: eastern Canada and northeast USA.
    Reference
    Poeae. Gray 2004.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Maine, Manitoba, New Hampshire, Newfoundland, Northwest Territorie, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec

    Festuca prolifera (Piper) Fernald appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 1978 Pringle, C.G. [s.n.], USA K000913325 isotype

    First published in Rhodora 35: 133 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0