1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Bambusa Schreb.
      1. Bambusa spinosa Roxb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Jawa to Maluku.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 50-100 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid; spreading. Buds or branches present on lower quarter of culm. Culm-sheaths 15-30 cm long; hispid; with dark brown hairs; auriculate; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 5 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade ovate; narrower than sheath; reflexed; pubescent; acute. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cuneate, or truncate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 10-20 cm long; 10-20 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30-45 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; zig-zag; 4 mm long; eventually visible between lemmas; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30-45 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; zig-zag; 4 mm long; eventually visible between lemmas; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes several.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-8 mm long; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 6; 4-5 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesia. Pacific: northwestern.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Holttum 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Maluku, Philippines

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Laos, Malaya, Nansei-shoto, Puerto Rico, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

    Bambusa spinosa Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Griffith [327], India K000357916 Unknown type material
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000357918 Unknown type material
    Hamilton [5024], India K000357917 Unknown type material
    Clelland, M. [s.n.], India K000357914 Unknown type material
    Clelland, M. [s.n.], India K000357915
    Aug 1, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [10650], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621816
    Aug 1, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [10650], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621817
    Aug 1, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [10650], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621818
    Aug 1, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [10650], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621819
    Aug 1, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [10650], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621820
    Jul 5, 1995 Makino, T. [321], Taiwan Bambusa blumeana K000854767
    Jan 1, 1992 Wieringa, J.J. [981], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000631614
    Jan 1, 1963 King, R.M. [5566], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000631617
    Jan 1, 1963 King, R.M. [5566], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000631618
    Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [10669], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621823
    Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [10669], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621824
    Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [10669], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621825
    Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [10669], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621826
    Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [10669], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621827
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4184], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621821
    Kerr, A.F.G. [4234], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621822
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8507A], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621829
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8507A], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621830
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8507A], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621831
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8507A], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621832
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8507A], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621833
    Larsen, K. [9837], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000631615
    Dransfield, S. [SD767], Sabah Bambusa blumeana K000795297
    Marcan, A. [220], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000621828
    Bunnak [248], Thailand Bambusa blumeana K000631616
    Kamarudin, S. [FRI 28821], Peninsular Malaysia Bambusa blumeana K000795300

    First published in Hort. Bengal.: 25 (1814)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Bambusa bambos.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0